Overview of the 1960s
The 60s included all of the following:
1. Civil Rights Movement: From MLK to Black Power
2. Several Cold War foreign policy crises.
3. The Assassination of JFK, MLK, Malcolm X, RFK
4. Vietnam Conflict, Civil Unrest & the Woodstock Generation There were 3 presidents in the 60s:
1. John Kennedy: 1961 - 1963
2. Lyndon Johnson: 1964 – 1968
3. Richard Nixon: 1969 – 1974
The decade that began with the election of the youngest president and the quote, “Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country, “ ended in civil unrest, turmoil, and the election of a president who would lie to his country and would be forced to resign. Classification:
| The Woodstock concert in upstate NY was a three-day celebration of 500,000. Entertainment included Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin. Woodstock had rain, mud, drugs, two deaths, and two births, but no violence.The leaders of the counterculture, the hippies, did not seek to change society but wanted to create their own society that included communal living, rejection of materialism, long hair, and drug use.
| Vietnam War
| Johnson’s Vietnam strategy – Fine-tuned escalation of US force would lead to defeat with minimum loss of life on both sides – Enemy matched every increase with more man and guerilla warfare (Viet Cong)The first large-scale demonstration against the war in Vietnam took place in 1965.
| Cold War Conflicts
| Cuba under Castro allied with the USSR & Khrushchev. Ike & the CIA had secretly planned an invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles. Kennedy proceeded with the plan, called the Bay of Pigs (1961). Disaster struck as air support was cancelled by Kennedy in the attempt to keep US involvement a secret, and the exiles were captured or killed by Castro.
| * August 11, 1965 – Watts Riots: Blacks enraged by police brutality rioted for 5 days Property burned, stores looted in their own...
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