103 Class Notes

Topics: New Testament, God, Tanakh Pages: 53 (10553 words) Published: June 25, 2015
BBST 103 Spring 2015 Trimm
Bible Translations
Selected Bibliography– Fee/Stuart chapter 2; How To Choose a Bible Translation for All Its Worth (Gordan Fee and Mark Strauss), One Bible, Many Versions: Are All Translations Created Equal? (Dave Brunn); Which Bible Translation Should I Use? A Comparison of Four Major Recent Versions (ed. Andreas Kostenberger and David Croteau)

Reading Questions
What are the important ideas in the chapter?
The difference between formal and functional translations include . . .

What is the definition of key words?
External evidence
Internal evidence

What is the authors’ viewpoint on controversial matters?
Why do Fee/Stuart recommend that we not use the KJV/NKJV?

What are some dangers to avoid?
The problem with a formal equivalent translation is that . . . The problem with a functional equivalent translation is that . . .

What are some good practices to follow?
For the study of the Bible, Fee/Stuart recommend you use . . . Fee/Stuart recommend using which translation?

1. Text Base Difference:
a. More recent Greek texts: KJV, NKJV
b. Earlier Greek texts: NIV, ESV, NLT, etc.
2. Three types of translations
a. Formal: KJV, NAS, ESV
b. Functional: NIV, NLT
c. Free: Message
d. Very free
3. Specific Translations
a. NIV

BBST 103 Spring 2015 Trimm

i. “Old NIV” from 1984
ii. TNIV in 2002: gender neutral terminology
iii. “New NIV” in 2011 (version found on Biblegateway.com) b. KJV
i. Beautiful translation
ii. Wide influence
iii. Problems:
1. Based on late Greek texts
2. Archaic words and expressions
4. Two Types of Accuracy
a. Literal vs. paraphrase (More literal to more paraphrase: NAS, KJV, ESV, NIV, NLT)
b. Verbal vs. rhetorical accuracy
i. Verbal (formal literal translations): words are the same
ii. Rhetorical (tend to find this more among functional translation): same effect on the audience
5. Odd Translation Features
a. Italics in NAS and KJV: words not in original
b. Red letters (words of Jesus)
c. Lord (Adonai, a title) vs. LORD (YHWH, the name of God) in the Old Testament
d. Chapter and verse numbers
6. Study Bibles
7. Gender and Translation
8. The Source of Our English Bibles
a. Process:
i. Original text(s) of Scripture
ii. Copies in Hebrew/Greek/Aramaic, as well as other languages iii. Modern Hebrew/Greek/Aramaic texts
iv. English translations


BBST 103 Spring 2015 Trimm

b. Old Testament Textual Criticism
i. Dead Sea Scrolls (about 200-100 BC)
ii. Medieval Hebrew manuscripts (900 AD and after)
iii. Greek translations (LXX; Septuagint)
iv. Other ancient translations and versions
1. Samaritan Pentateuch
2. Latin Vulgate
3. Peshitta (Syriac)
4. Aramaic Targums
c. New Testament Textual Criticism
i. Earliest Papyri
ii. Early Uncials
iii. Medieval manuscripts (Basis of KJV)
iv. Lectionaries and citations by church fathers
v. Versions (Latin, Syriac, Coptic, Gothic, Armenian, Ethiopic, Georgian)
d. Texts not in earliest manuscripts
i. The woman caught in adultery (John 7:53-8:11)
ii. The ending of Mark (Mark 16:9-20)
e. Analysis of textual problems:
i. Only a few major problems
ii. The vast majority of the Bible reflects the original
iii. We can confidant, even if we can’t be 100% certain


BBST 103 Spring 2015 Trimm
Spiritual Formation
Selected Bibliography– Knowing Grace (Joanne Jung); The Spirit of the Disciplines (Dallas Willard); The Brazos Introduction to Christian Spirituality (Evan Howard); Spiritual Formation as if the Church Mattered: Growing in Christ through Community (James Wilhoit)

Jung 33-43
What are the important ideas in the chapter?
According to Joshua, biblical meditation ultimately should lead to

What is the definition of key words?
The Hebrew word used for meditate literally means . . .
Psalm 1 is which kind of psalm?
"Lectio divina"

What is the authors’ viewpoint on controversial matters?
Jung says that some Christians are uncomfortable with...
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