About 19 million gallons of an herbicide named “Agent Orange” were applied in Vietnam (Gaspar 1). During the Vietnam War, the Viet Cong would have an advantage by hiding in the jungle thicket and surprising the American and South Vietnamese soldiers. The jungle thicket was an ideal cover for the enemy. The United States needed to clear the cover that the Viet Cong was using; they came up with an herbicide named “Agent Orange”. It was a chemical used to clear jungles during the Vietnam War. “Agent Orange’s” origins, uses during the Vietnam War and the side effects prove it to be deadly.
“Agent Orange” originated during the early 1960s at Eglin Air Force Base in United States, Florida (Morris 1). It was developed by the United States using a chemical compound of half 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and half 2, 4, 5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (Morris 1). “Agent Orange” acted by drying the foliage with the leaves dropping about three to eight weeks after application (Gaspar 1). It was an herbicide used to kill plants over a short period of time. The name, “Agent Orange”, was brought up by the researchers at Eglin Air Force Base. “The mixture of chemicals took its name from the orange hue of the stripe found on the gallon drums it was commonly stored in” (Sukha 1). It was stored in a gallon tank with an orange stripe on it, leading to the name, “Agent Orange”. The developments of “Agent Orange” lead to its deadly use during the Vietnam War. During the Vietnam War “Agent Orange” was used in many dangerous ways. One primary objective was to “reduce dense jungle foliage so that communist forces might not use it for cover and to deny them the use of crops needed for subsistence” (Gaspar 1). The Viet Cong would find cover in the jungle, giving the U.S. marines a disadvantage. “Agent Orange” would even out the terrain on which they were fighting on. The secondary objective was to clear sensitive areas used for support, such as around base camps...
Cited: “Agent Orange.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. 6 Edition. EBSCO-host. 6 Edition. 2011. Web. 26 April. 2012.
Gasper, Charles J. “Defoliation: Vietnam War.” World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012.
Morris, Evelyn Krache. “Agent Orange.” United States Geography. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012.
Sukha, Samaya Lea. “Agent Orange: Vietnam War.” World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012.
“Vietnam: Environment.” World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012.
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