Unit 2 government homework Crystal Shough Analyze criticism of the “Electoral College” system and the alleged advantages and disadvantages of various reform proposals. A brief of the Electoral College System. The Electoral College is an institution that elects the president and the vice president. According to Article 2, Section 1, Clause 2, there is appointed electors to vote for the president and vise president. Origins of the Electoral College. The delegates were reluctant to set national voting standards for the federal elections as they believed this is a prerogative of the states. The convention finally settled on a plan which they called the Electoral College System. This system provides for the election of the president and vice president by the electors that have been appointed by each state which are determined by its legislature. This in return removed the elections from congress thus reinstating the separation of powers. The 12th Amendment. The 12th Amendment started out saying that each elector would cast two votes for different people for president. The person that had the most votes got president and the one that had the next largestnumber of votes would be vice president. In time this didn’t work any more so the 12th Amendment was changed to where the electors only casted one vote for each president and vise president. Electoral Vote Allocation. The total number of electors in the College electoral system equals the total combined congressional representation of each state. State and District of Columbia Appointment of Electors. Article 2, section1, Clause2 12th Amendment states that each state is required to appoint electors in the manor directed by its states legislator. Appointment Date and Meeting Date of Electors. Congress may chose the date for selecting there electors and it is mandatory to have the same date through out the states. Congress is also to chose the date in which the electors will meet and cast there...
References: www.docstoc.com/docs/2375933/The-Electoral-College-An-Overview-and-Analysts-of-Reform-Proposals italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RL30804.pdf
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