Analyzing Voting Behavior

Topics: Elections, Democracy, Voting Pages: 6 (2013 words) Published: March 14, 2013
Analyzing Voting Behavior
1. Introduction
Voting is a principal way through which the government is elected democratically. This means people tend to select people they want to run the office, depending on the majority. According to Brennan (2011) voting is a civil duty for every citizen, but people disagree and thus confirming that not every individual votes. Voting faces both abstention and indulgence depending on the situations, interest or priority of the voter. To keep the moral of democracy it is very important to make ‘intelligent voting’ but at the same time very difficult to attain. Voters cannot be forced to vote so voting should be made easy to attract voters. 2. Methodology

The voting methodology of voting in U.S. is ‘First-Past-the-Post’. That is voting and winning on the basis of maximum votes at the account. It is the best way to select a democratic government depending on the majority win. Whether all citizen vote or not, but those who do, whom they give the most votes wins. 2.1. Eligibility

In 1972 the voter age was changed from twenty one to eighteen. The voters are not restricted to age, gender, color, class or race, if they are eighteen or above they are free to vote. A revolution was made according to voting Right Act 1965, the southern black people were granted right to vote. The felony convictions are however not allowed to vote according to the laws, they consist 5.3 million Americans. The laws still do not define clearly whether people with mental illness could vote or not. 2.2. Voter Registration

The voter’s registration is an individual responsibility in U.S. instead of governments which tend to reduce voters. The way to make voters list and provide a voter ID at home is far easier way to get voters vote. But the otherwise options make it difficult to vote. The Registration Act 1993 is although trying to improve the system and have introduced motor-voter law that allows the voters to register online. Vehicles also roam around the town registering voters but this facility is only in some cities. 2.3. Early Voting

When the voter follow the entire process and vote on time at the day the voting conducted is early voting. It is the right way to vote. 2.4. Absentee Voting
Voters that are registered and do not vote on the day of voting, their votes are posted to them and then are asked to vote and why they did not voting. The votes are thus termed as Absentee Votes. 2.5. Mail Ballots

For those who are away from the country or due to any reason cannot access to the polling station, have the facility to vote through email. 2.6. Voting Equipment
Voting requires some equipment that is used to conduct voting. Specially to make sure the counting of the votes is free of error machines like ‘optical scan voting machines’ and ‘DRE voting machines’ are used. Voting equipments also include ballot boxes, stationary, papers etc making voting a costly process. 3. Voting Behavior

The voting behavior in U.S. had ups and downs over the year, the recent Brack Obama win election comparatively had a better result, but otherwise the Americans seem to have very less interest in politics and voting. This is not a healthy sign of democracy. According the history of voting from 1870 to 1920 there was a gradual increase in the voting and from there to 1940 the rate of voting declined. It remained less till now but still the condition is not much favorable. (Valelly, 2009) 3.1. Analysis

The U.S. voting system lack a lot of basis, most importantly in comforting the voters, although amendments are being but still the situation is not very suitable for voting. When people show no interest that things should change and attention should be drawn. Elections should be for all members of the society. The barriers to voting should be reduced and voting should be done on work days. It is very important to educate the voters and more and more possible polling stations should be made. People may not vote because of the...
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