BWVW Study guide
Pantheism- God and the world are the same thing. Ex. Eastern religions, Christian Science, The New Age movement, etc.
Theocentric- the existence/reality of God will be at the center of how a person analyzes. (theo-Greek word for God)
Theism- God exists, was the creator of the world, and is personally and intimately involved with His creation. God operates through natural law but can and does intervene in the affairs of mankind. Ex. Christianity, Judaism, Islam
Anthropocentric- From a man centered perspective. (anthro-man)
Worldview- It is the basis for your moral decision making. A set of presuppositions by which we order our lives and that determine our religious, ethical, and social beliefs, values and practices. ( A worldview is a se of presuppositions (assumptions which may be true, partially true or entirely false) which we hold (consciously or subconsciously, consistently or inconsistently) about the basic make-up of our world.” –James W. Sire The Universe Next Door
Pragmatism – A utilitarian belief that the end justifies the mean ex. The end justifies the means. Focus upon intentions rather than upon right and wrong. If “intentions” are good, it does not matter if what we are doing is wrong according to this viewpoint.
Subjectivism- There is no absolute truth. Ex (social application) “Everyone is entitled to their opinion.” Feelings become authoritative! Moral and social chaos ensues, for there are no absolutes of right and wrong.
Materialism- A tendency to consider material possessions and physical comfort as more important than spiritual values. Ex. (social application) A society devoid of absolute Truth, and no spiritual anchor. Seeking satisfaction and meaning in possessions.
Hedonism- Defines pleasure and pain according to human condition. (social condition) Ex. Pursuit of pleasure, comfort, safety and security in human terms. All struggle and pain is defined as evil. Delayed gratification is considered to be evil. “If it feels good, do it! “
Justification- Declaring someone free from guilt in a court of law ( Acts 13:39, Romans 3:24) AND The act of God in which He declares the sinner to be in the right standing with himself. To declare “righteous and holy”
Sanctification- Setting something apart from common use for exclusive use in the service of God (apart from the world and unto God) 1Cor. 6:11; 1Thess. 4:3-4
Redemption- Paying the necessary price to purchase another’s freedom ( 1 Peter 1:18-19; 1 Cor. 6:19- 20)
Reconciliation- Restoring peace and fellowship to a broken relationship (Col. 1:21-22)
Regeneration- or (born again) – Giving a second birth to bring about a new life. ( 1 Peter 1:13, 17-19; Col. 5:17)
Law of Non-contradiction- Contradictory propositions about the same subject cannot be true. That is, A cannot be non-A at the same time and from the sam perspective. The LONC is the basic law of logic that states: If one statement is true; its opposing positional statement is false.
Grace- “By grace have you been saved” Ephesians 2:8-9
1. Grace means God acts in kindness to provide something undeserved. Titus 3:4-5 2. Grace is demonstrated in the death of Christ on behalf of sinners. Romans 3:24 3. Grace makes human efforts unnecessary in salvation. Romans 4:4, 11:6, Ephesians 2:8-9
Faith – Faith is taking a step in the direction of the presuppositions that best explain the evidence (facts, data), yet it is a step towards evidence (Hebrews 11:1, 6) AND Simply believing in God James 2:19. An irrational “blind leap” (a mere agreement with the facts of the Gospel. A purely emotional response to the Gospel.)
Repentance- It was central to the teaching of Jesus Christ (Mark 1:15, Luke 5:32, 13:35, 24:46-47) It was central to the teaching of the Apostles. ( Peter- Acts 2:38, 3:19, 8:22) Paul-Acts 17:30, 20:21, 26:20
Characteristics of a Critical Thinker:
A. They constantly evaluate their own attitudes,...
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