cold war

Topics: Cold War, Korean War, World War II Pages: 8 (1378 words) Published: April 29, 2014
Drew Garrett
Dr. Dea Boster
Hist 1152-005
20 April 2014
During the 1950’s America, post WWII, our Nation faced major changes under the leading presidency of Truman and Eisenhower. America fell into another time of prosperous feeling with the end of yet another victory in World War II, an almost arrogant view of their society in respects to the remainder of other economies. Communism became the American adversary, and Americans sought to purge the world of it. Because of the extreme paranoia caused by Communism infiltration (Red Scare), conformity became a nativist way to separate American Culture and pride from the rest. From this stemmed the Cold War, the threat and stand still stance of nuclear missile attacks on bother nations. Starting with the first of three documents of investigation is the Statement on the Korean War (1950) dictated by President Harry S. Truman. His statement was directed to inform the US citizen and to express the actual implications of his administration, as well their military position relating to Korea. With the rising scare of communist expansion on the forefront, and a clear intention from their organization, Truman had a delicate balance. How could he assure the American public that this matter is of the upmost importance to our western philosophy, to protect all sovereign nations, and cohesively avoid another subsequent World War? In such decisions to try and circumvent the possibility of creating or becoming embroiled in World War III, he made the executive decision to relieve U.S. General Douglas McArthur of his duties. While highly respected by President Truman, and recognized as an outstanding General, there was simply a serious difference of opinion. McArthur believed it was necessary and important to take the Korean conflict to Mainland China, while Truman recognized this very likely would start World War III. He made it very clear, in limiting the role of the United States in the Korean conflict that there would be no appeasement with the communist government, and was more than open to a circumventing settlement. His basic requirements were; [1] the fighting must end [2] verifiable measure to insure there would be no chance of possible retribution [3] and end to the aggression, and dismantlement of foreign communist military occupation in Korea. However you want to judge the success of President Truman’s Korean strategy, the spread of communism was halted at the demilitarized zone separating North and South Korea. There was never a formal declaration of the end of war and to this day the threat of aggression from North Korean continues. However, while many American soldiers lost their life in this conflict, this loss of life is far less than what would have been had World War III been ignited. As a final note, the position President Truman took related to the Korean Conflict is not too dissimilar to the position the United States took with Vietnam. How to stop the spread of communism and protect the sovereignty of South Vietnam? Unfortunately in the case of Vietnam, many American soldiers gave their life and communist North Vietnam, with the backing of China eventually took over South Vietnam Second on the list of inspection, is a series of statements of accusations from the Republican U.S. Senator of Wisconsin, Joseph McCarthy. McCarthy claimed that he had accounts of 205 individual cases of people working within the United States Government “who would appear to be either card carrying members or certainly loyal to the Communist party. Individuals he would have you believe who had a supposed political alignment opposite of that of the United States who nevertheless were still helping to shape our foreign policy”(Shi/Mayer, pg. 248). With scare of the communist ploy for increasing coverage, McCarthy’s accusations where timely developed, and bread a following with his nativists. He rightfully states that in just a short recess from war, we should be anticipating a...
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