Cold War Essay

Topics: Cold War, World War II, Vietnam War Pages: 4 (1080 words) Published: March 17, 2015
Cold War Essay

After WWII the foreign policy of the United States was to contain and prevent the spread of communism. The U.S. upheld this foreign policy until the end of the Cold War when communist Soviet Union fell. Even though the Soviet Union and the U.S. were allies in the Cold War, the quickly became enemies over the topic of communism. This foreign policy was aimed more at preventing communism in other countries than the United States itself. Especially in Europe and East and Southeast Asia, the United States succeeded and failed carrying out this foreign policy. In Europe, the Marshall Plan and the Berlin airlift helped countries that were trying to prevent communism and helped prevent the Soviet Union from taking over these countries. However, this policy failed with incidents like the Invasion of Czechoslovakia and the U-2 incident. In Asia the policy succeeded by preventing communist North Korea from spreading into South Korea in the Korean War. However, a failure of the United States was the Vietnam War and not being able to push back North Vietnam. Even though the United States was more successful in helping Europe in preventing the spread of communism than in Asia, the foreign policy of the United States made a significant impact on the world by preventing the spread of communism into non-communist countries. For preventing and containing communism in Europe, the United States proved to be very successful. Immediately following WWII, President Truman realized that wherever the Soviet Union went, communism spread. He created the Truman Doctrine to provide military aid and support for countries that are resisting communism. This was successful because wherever the Soviet Union tried to invade; the United States would step in and prevent that from happening. This proved to be successful in countries like Greece and Turkey when dictators tried to take over these countries. These countries became democracies and allies of the U.S. and are today...
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