Compare and Contrast the Powers of a British Prime Minister and Those of the President of the United States

Topics: Plurality voting system, Elections, Voting system Pages: 2 (637 words) Published: May 9, 2013
Compare and contrast the first past-the-post and second ballot electoral systems. A country’s electoral system is the method used to calculate the number of elected positions in government that individuals and parties are awarded after elections. In other words it is the process by which votes are translated into seats in Parliament or in government. In different democracies in the world, there are diverse systems of electoral systems present. The rules on how votes are cast and seats allocated differ from region to region. The two types of electoral systems being discussed are first past the post and second ballot electoral systems. First past the post is also known as plurality systems, is simply “winner takes all” sort of system. This is a situation where a candidate needs to get more than fifty percent of the votes to be a successful candidate in elections. Plurality systems also tend to encourage the growth of a relatively stable political government dominated by two major parties, for example Trinidad and Tobago. Such electoral system clearly does not represent the true nature or calling of all voters. Elections for the House and Senate in the United States and for the House of Commons in the United Kingdom use the plurality system. The US presidential election is also generally considered a plurality system, but the existence of the Electoral College actually makes it a hybrid of both plurality and majority systems. Advantages of the plurality systems are that it is easily understood by voters, provides quick decision making process and is more convenient than other methods. the main argument or disadvantage against this method is that in an election where there are more than two candidate, it would result in an election where a candidate has a minority of votes. Elections by the plurality system is not limited to government, it is commonly used in selection of officers in large organizations as well. In contrast, the second ballot method comes from...
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