Education is the responsibility of the federal government. The national education system encompasses education beginning from pre-school to university. According to the dictionary, “to educate” means “to bring up and train the mind and way of thinking” and “education” means “the act or process of educating”. So education is quite an important thing which can brighten people’s mind, enlarge their knowledge and lift their ability of some certain areas.
The idea of curriculum is hardly new but the way we understand and theorize it has altered over the years and there remains considerable dispute as to meaning. In Latin curriculum was a racing chariot; currere was to run. The definition of curriculum offered by John Kerr and taken up by Vic Kelly in his standard work on the subject is 'All the learning which is planned and guided by the school, whether it is carried on in groups or individually, inside or outside the school. Meanwhile according to the book of “ Understanding and Using Assessment to Improve Student Learning” written by Susan M.Butler and Nancy D.McMunn, curriculum can be defined as a plan that outline a method for instruction and learning or a conceptual framework that outline a definite learning goals and expectations. Curriculum tells what students should know and be able to do after they have practiced instruction and before they are assessed. It also facilitates teachers to prepare their coursework to produce a greater student learning.
Nevertheless, changes in the world are resulting in changes in curriculum design. The new curriculum that had been revealed is different from the traditional curriculum. The new curriculum emphasized of depth understanding and solve the problems more that coverage the topics and overemphasis on knowledge which is been emphasized in traditional curriculum. Meanwhile the focus of the new curriculum is more on the results compare to the traditional curriculum that focus on the activities. As the conclusion, if teachers do not use the state or district curriculum, his students will not fare well on state or district measures of achievement. Since the implemented curriculum and measures of student achievement are so closely allied, it is important that the school or district develop a quality curriculum. The educational systems of our country, Malaysia with one of the big countries in the world, UK are very complicated in some degree. There are a lot of similarities and differences between them. They both have advantages and disadvantages in each phase of education.
2.0 History of Science Curriculum Development
A decade before the end of the British rule, the educational system in Malaya was reorganized along the lines of the Barnes Report of 1951. Up to that point of time, Malaya's educational system lacked uniformity in curriculum and an articulated rationale for a policy which would be relevant to the political and socio-economic goals of the people. The country's three principal ethnic communities which are Malays, Chinese and Indians ran their own schools, the latter two often importing a syllabus used in the countries of their origin. The Barnes Report recommended a national school system, which would provide primary education for 6 years in Malaya and English, hoping that over a period of time, the attraction to have separate schools in Chinese and Tamil would wane and disappear. The reaction of the Chinese community to the Barnes Report was not totally positive. While the community agreed with the basic recommendation that Malay be treated as the principal language, it felt that there should be some provision to recognize Chinese and Tamil as important components of a new definition of Malaya's national identity.
Early science education that had been found in schools was begin from year of 1931, which the contents only include the Basic Science Curriculum as a preparation of life. On 1941, the implementation of...
References: 1. http://www.unescobkk.org/fileadmin/user_upload/esd/documents/workshops/esdnet07/reports/Malaysia-UPSI__Tanjong_Malim.pdf
2. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/Insight/viewPDF.jsp;jsessionid=0160712E69486534CA0EE098889AC367?Filename=html/Output/Published/EmeraldFullTextArticle/Pdf/0740360503.pdf (Educational development and reformation in Malaysia: past, present and future )
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