Biblical Word Study
This paper explores the Bible by thoroughly examining three words related to counseling and three words related to addiction. In addition, general biblical usage of the words are discussed and as the meaning and where the words are found in the Bible. Specifically, the words are explored in the Old Testament and New Testament. Finally, core biblical themes and personal views are explored.
Biblical Word Study
There are many themes and specific words in the Bible that can be applied to counseling and addiction. This Word Study is an in-depth exploration into 3 specific counseling-related words in addition to the exploration of 3 addiction-related words. By discovering, where and how the words were used in the Old and New Testaments, I was able to decipher how the meanings changed over times and their sometimes diverse definitions.
Biblical Words Related to Counseling
The specific word, counsel, appears in the Bible 275 times and 8 different words in Hebrew that translate to counsel (Bible.org). The most common Hebrew counsel word used in the Old Testament is ètsah, which, appears in the King James Version 88 times. The actual word is derived from the less used Hebrew word, ya ats that translates as “advise, counsel, consult,” (Vine, 2005). Old Testament Usage of Counsel
In addition, ya ats is also translated into English words such as advised, purposed, determined, counselor, and advice (blueletterbible.com). In scripture the advice meaning of counsel is used in Jdg 20:7 as “Behold, all you sons of Israel, give your advice and counsel here,” (NASB). In this case, the Israelites were supposed to speak up and decide what they wanted to do. Although typically advise and counsel are used in a positive contex, 2 Chronicles 22:3 shows that when the Ahazia is speaking the scripture declares “He followed in the footsteps of Ahab’s dynasty, for his mother gave him evil advice,” (NET). In addition, counsel is also used as verb and typically associated with the military. In 2 Samual 15:12, Absalom was seeking advice and “sent for Ahtithopel the Gilonite, David’s counselor,” (NASB).
In Numbers 31:16 counsel is used in the scripture “Behold, these caused the sons of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to trespass against the Lord in the mater of Peor, so the plague was among the congregation of the lord,” (NASB). In this case, the meaning of counsel is speech, or the word and does not necessarily mean advice like the English definition.
New Testament Usage of Counsel
The word counsel appears less frequently in the New Testament, but is used in similar ways. Of the 3 different Greek words used to translate, the most commonly used word is boule. The word boule comes from a word meaning “a will” (Vine, 2005). In addition, it can mean a plan, purpose, and decide.
When Joseph of Arimathea saw the murder of Christ, he went to Pilot to acquire the burial rights of his Lord because he “had not consented to the counsel and the deed,” (Luke 23:51 NASB) of the religious leaders involved. In other scriptures boule is used as the counsel of God in Luke 7:30 where “But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him,” (NIV). It is also similarly used in Acts 2:23 saying, “He was delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God,” (KJV). Wisdom
Wisdom appears 234 times in 222 verses in the King James Version (blueletterbible.org). Wisdom and its variations are used verbs and adjectives and represented by several different Hebrew words. The most common Hebrew word that is used and translated into English is chakam. Chakam can be defined as to be wise, to become wise, act wisely, teach wisdom, instruct, and to deceive (blueletterbible.org). Old...
References: Bible.org | Where the World Comes to Study the Bible. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://Bible.org
The Blue Letter Bible. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.blueletterbible.org
Vine, W. E. (2006). Vine 's concise dictionary of the Bible. Nashville TN: Nelson Reference & Electronic.
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