Democracy and Development

Topics: Election, Democracy, Elections Pages: 82 (29630 words) Published: July 3, 2013
Parliament and Democracy in the 21st Century

Preliminary Report by the Inter-Parliamentary Union

Convened by the Inter-Parliamentary Union at United Nations headquarters, New York, 7 to 9 September 2005

-2-

Contents
FOREWORD ..................................................................................................................4 1. INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................5 THE PARLIAMENTARY CONTRIBUTION TO DEMOCRACY ....................................................................6 Citizen rights ........................................................................................................................7 Institutions of representative and accountable government ....................................................7 Active civil society.................................................................................................................8 Political parties .....................................................................................................................8 The communication media....................................................................................................8 A TEMPLATE FOR A DEMOCRATIC PARLIAMENT ................................................................................9

2. A REPRESENTATIVE PARLIAMENT ...........................................................................13 ELECTORAL RULES AND PROCEDURES TO ENSURE A PARLIAMENT THAT IS POLITICALLY REPRESENTATIVE .13 ELECTION RULES AND PROCEDURES TO ENSURE A PARLIAMENT THAT REFLECTS THE SOCIAL DIVERSITY OF THE POPULATION .....................................................................................................................16 Women in parliaments........................................................................................................17 The representation of minority and marginal communities ...................................................21 FAIR AND INCLUSIVE PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURES.......................................................................22 Inclusiveness for parties ......................................................................................................23 Specific rights for opposition or minority parties and groups ................................................24 Opportunities for ‘backbenchers’ ........................................................................................24 Gender equality..................................................................................................................25 Equality for members of minority and marginal communities ...............................................27 Facilitating all members in their work ..................................................................................27 PROTECTING THE RIGHTS OF PARLIAMENTARIANS IN FULFILLING THEIR MANDATES ............................28 Individual rights of parliamentarians and party discipline .....................................................30

3. A PARLIAMENT THAT IS OPEN AND TRANSPARENT..............................................32 FACILITATING JOURNALISTS AND THE MEDIA IN REPORTING THE WORK OF PARLIAMENT .....................32 Issues of access ...................................................................................................................33 Freedom of information ......................................................................................................34 Freedom of expression ........................................................................................................35 Media regulation.................................................................................................................36 STRATEGIES OF PARLIAMENTS FOR INFORMING THE PUBLIC ABOUT THEIR WORK ...............................38 Parliamentary...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • democracy Essay
  • Development of Democracy Dbq Essay
  • Democracy and Development Essay
  • Democracy Essay
  • Democracy Essay
  • Democracy Essay
  • Democracy Essay
  • Democracy Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free