Unit 6 Lesson 1 “The Early Church & Paul”
Describe the life and practice of the early church
Demonstrate knowledge of the early life, conversion and ministry of Paul Identify and discuss the major themes of Paul’s teachings
Relate Paul’s message to the present Philippine context
Day of the Pentecost – the early church began in Jerusalem in accordance to God’s commands is sometimes described by some Christians today as the "Birthday of the Church." a Jewish feast, was celebrated 50 days after Passover, and pilgrims had come to Jerusalem from all over the world to celebrate the event. a feast commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ, (120 in all) as described in the Acts of the Apostles 2:1–31. Tongues of fire – were separated and came to each one of the Jews that were gather tongues parting asunder, tongues distributed among them, each disciple sharing in the gift equally with the others. "Like as of fire," or, more exactly, "as if of fire," indicates the appearance of the tongues, not that they were actually aflame, but that they prefigured the marvelous gift with which the disciples were now endowed
The 12 apostleswere gathered together in a house when a terrific wind came from heaven and filled the place. They saw tongues that looked like fire that separated and came down on each of them. Immediately the apostles were filled with the Holy Spirit, who caused them to speak in tongues. The crowds of visitors were astonished because every pilgrim heard the apostles speaking to him or her in their own foreign language! Some accused the apostles of being drunk.
“All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them” – Acts 2:4 The Apostle Peter stood and addressed them, saying they were not drunk. It was only nine o'clock in the morning. Then, empowered by the Holy Spirit, Peter preached boldly to them, explaining aboutJesus Christ and God's plan of salvation.
The crowd was so moved when Peter told them of their part in Jesus' crucifixion that they asked the apostles, "Brothers, what shall we do?" (Acts 2:37, NIV). The right response, Peter told them, was to repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of their sins. He promised that they would receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
Peter spoke to the Israelites “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit... ” – Acts 2:38
They took the gospel message to heart. About 3,000 people were baptized and added to the fledgling Christian church on that Day of Pentecost. Characteristics of the Early Church (Acts 2:42-47)
“They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. Everyone was filled with awe at the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles. All the believers were together and had everything in common. They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need. Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts, praising God and enjoying the favour of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.” A learning church
A church of fellowship
A praying church
A reverent church
A sharing church
A joyful church
A church of signs and wonders
A church liked by the crowd
Solomon’s colonnade/portico – where the believers used to meet and have fellowship – Acts 3:11 a large hall 50 cubits long and 30 cubits wide. Originally there was cedar from floor to ceiling. This was the hall of judgment where the king would make judgments and exercise justice. The "porch" or "portico" was located on the east side of the outer court of the New Testament temple of Herod.
Believers prayed for boldness – Acts 4:23...
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