Education in R.Moldova in the Past

Topics: Higher education, College, High school Pages: 4 (1259 words) Published: September 13, 2011
Education in the past in our country
The education system in Moldova consists of preschool, primary, secondary and higher education. The preschool education is for children up to the age of seven years. The primary education is between grades one through four and typically involves children between the ages of 8-12. The secondary education consists of two tracks: general and vocational. General secondary education from grades 5-9 is called the gymnasium, and grades 10-12 is called liceul (lyceum). The vocational track is called the professional liceul. Higher education consists of two stages, short-term college education and university education. These institutions were traditionally awarding Diplomas but, in the year 2000, were also using the titles of Bachelor and Master to conform to international standards. The first higher education institution on the territory of Bessarabia, located in Chişinău, was devoted to the study of music. Named Unirea Conservatory, it opened its doors in 1919. Later on, the Unirea Conservatory became the Gavriil Musicescu State Conservatory

In the decades prior to independence, the Moldavian SSR's education system made substantial progress toward being available to all citizens. At the beginning of the twentieth century, illiteracy had been common among Moldova's rural population. But by 1992, the adult literacy rate had risen to 96 percent. In 1990 the mean duration of schooling was six years, and 30 percent of the population aged fifteen and older had completed general secondary education. Under the Soviet education system, 1,025 Romanianlanguage primary and secondary schools; 420 Russian-language schools; and 129 mixedlanguage schools . Change occurred slowly at the university level, however, and 55 percent of students continued to study in the Russian language as of 1992. Under Moldova's education system, ten years of basic education are compulsory, followed by either technical school or further study leading to higher...
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