Thesis: Education system of Turkey is composed of many problems due to its large population size and social characteristics of Turkish nation as a whole, and those issues causes many struggles to be achieved, such as lack of efficient staff and facilities, girls’ education and vocational education.
2. Education System in Turkey
2.1. The Pre-Primary Education
2.2. The Primary Education
2.3. The Secondary Education
2.4. The Secondary Education Types
2.5. The Higher Education
3. Education in Turkey: The Past and Present
4. The Barriers to Girls’ Education
5. Advantages of Public Tutoring and Private Tutoring Compared 6. Conclusion
The contemporary Turkish education system was established in 1924 after Atatürk closed the religious schools, set up new secular schools, and made elementary school attendance compulsory. It was many years before the country had the educational infrastructure to provide universal primary education, but since the early 1980s almost all children between the ages of six and ten have been enrolled in school. The most recent data on literacy put Turkey's overall adult literacy rate around 86.5 percent. This statistic broke down as 94.3 percent literacy among males aged fifteen and over, and 78.7 percent among females in that age-group (Necla Çömlekçi, 146-151). In 1995 half of the urban unemployed had only a primary education, and an estimated 40 percent of pupils dropped out of school upon completing this level of education. Since 1980 the Ministry of National Education has conducted major literacy campaigns aimed at the girls’ education in residents of the urban gecekondus, and agricultural workers. The ministry also has provided primary, middle school, and secondary equivalency program courses to upgrade education levels (Necla Çömlekçi, 146-151).
The World Bank, which has provided funds for education programs since the early 1990s, has been a major source of support for increasing children population in the schools. These programs are intended to send children back to schools where they will be provided skills for using in rest of their lives (Fend, Henry, 426–429). By doing this, it is expected to improve the quality and availability of skill education in less-developed regions such as eastern Turkey where the intense fighting there since 1991 has disrupted training.
The purpose of this study is to look at the current situation of girls’ and boys’ education problems in Turkey. In this paper we are explaining the reasons why people do not send their children to schools in order to take their primary education, that is, what reasons make parents not to send their children to school where they learn most of the knowledge that they need. A basic understanding about the effects of not sending the children to school is also considered. The relation between poverty, unemployment etc. and parents not sending their children to school is explained in order to show the basic problems to education problem.
We intended to show the reasons that cause the drawback for the education system in Turkey. Explanations show that we had better impose the good sides of the modern educational system to the Turkish educations system in order to reach to the modern world. After the elimination of the inequalities between the public and private education both parents and students will get a better education than before.
The data is collected from the books gathered from friends educating in other universities and using the books in Yeditepe University Library. First, the books are searched from University’s site in the internet. The books are read and important notes are taken. An article written on...
Bibliography: 7. BIBLIOGRAPHY
• Türkiye 'nin iktisadi kalkınmasında eğitimin rolü, Necla Çömlekçi, 1971, 146-151
• Türkiye 'nin eğitim çıkmazı ve Atatürk:sorunlar-çözüm aramalarıuygulamalar,İlhan Başgöz , 1995, 61-62, 90
• Kız çocuklarının mesleki eğitime ve istihdama yönelimleri , İlhan Akhun , 2000, 148
• The Turkish educational system, Ministry of National Education, 1999,12,45-53
• Educational Institutions and Society
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