The founding fathers established the Electoral College in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Each state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for Senators.
There have been many proposed reforms to the Electoral College System since it was put in place, most of them trying to eliminate it. One of the arguments to keep the current Electoral College System in place is because it contributes to the cohesiveness of the country by requiring a distribution of popular support to be elected President. If this was not in place a President could potentially be elected through the domination of one popular region over the others or through the domination of large metropolitan areas over the rural ones. The Electoral College System also enhances the status of minority interests, which means the voters of even small minorities in a State can win none of that State’s Electoral votes, or all of them. If Presidents were to be elected by the popular vote this would damage minorities because their vote would be overwhelmed by the national majority vote. The Electoral College also promotes a two-party system, rather than a third party system. A two-party system is encouraged because the majority of people want the minority candidate to adopt one of the two-party views versus their own more radical views that put them in the third party system in the first place. (US Election Atlas)
For the above reasons I believe this is enough to keep the current system in place. While there have been many proposals to abolish this system, none have come up with a better system. Most proposals seem to potentially be...
Cited: Jackson County, MO Election Board. US Election Atlas. David Leip, Web.
13 Oct. 2013
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