Electoral Malpractices

Topics: Elections, Election, Voting Pages: 20 (1862 words) Published: November 9, 2013
Fairness at Play: Introducing Electoral Reforms to
reduce the influence of money and muscle power
in politics





Numerically, we are the world’s largest
democracy, but the tenets that should make us
the world’s largest effectively functioning
democracy are given short shrift. Consider these
facts.
Money and muscle power are still pervasive in
our elections. Electoral reforms have been

delayed. The arithmetic of elections is still
disproportionately influenced by cynical
considerations of caste and creed. The existing
system operates to keep people with integrity
and talent outside the democratic process.

The people of a nation have a
fundamental right – those whom they
elect must govern. When they don’t, this
fundamental right is criminally violated.

PROBLEM

CRIMINALIZATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES
(Restricting Fair Play During Elections)

Almost all the political parties have a
large number of candidates with criminal
cases.

U.P. State Elections (Feb 2012)
CRIMINAL RECORDS

Congress
• 26 candidates



Samajwadi party
• 24 candidates

BJP
• 20 candidates





SOLUTION
Implementation of 25% rule
No political party should sponsor or provide
ticket to a candidate for contesting elections if he
was convicted by any court for any criminal
offence or if the courts have framed criminal
charges against him.
The law should specifically provide that if any
party violates this provision, the candidate
involved should be liable to be disqualified and
the party deregistered and derecognized
forthwith.
If 25% of the candidates of a party has proven
guilty before or during election then that party
will be completely dissolved and will be debarred
from standing for election for that current year.
If 50% of candidates of a party have proven
criminal cases against them then the party will be
debarred from contesting election for the next 5
years.

 Implementation of this rule will reduce
wastage of money and will reduce its
misuse and simultaneously will also reduce
the use of muscle power and will promote
fair election.

INCOME DIFFERENCES AMONG PARTIES
(Restricting Uniformity in Elections)
PROBLEM
It has been noted that there are a lot of
variations and differences in the incomes of
different political parties which
restricts
uniformity in elections and promotes unwanted
expenditure and criminalization.

Limitless election funds lead to
expensive rallies and publicity
stunts, unwanted expenditure
and criminalization

SOLUTION
Election fund
• Creation of
separate Election
Fund with an
annual
contribution of
1% of the total
turn over by every
registered
company in India
to the Election
Commission India.
• Donation through
any external
sources must be
strictly prohibited

Subsides for recognized
parties
• One rent-free telephone
with subscriber trunk
dialing facility.
• Every candidate gets a
specified quantity of
petrol/ diesel during an
election campaign
• A specified quantity of
paper
• voter identity slip
• postal stamps
• five copies of electoral roll
in constituency
• An amplifier system for
every assembly
constituency/segment of
Lok Sabha.

STATE FUNDING
Flow of Election Funds
Election
Commission
India
Amount Allocated to EC State =(Total Election
Fund /Total No. of Constituent)X No. of
Constituencies
Election
Commission
State 1

Election
Commissio
n State 2

(Amount 1)

(Amount 2)

Election
Commission
State
3……….28

State Funding Concept would be
effectively implemented by
1. Banning donation in any form
given to the parties by individual
or by any organization.
2. Opening an account for each
party which will be directly
monitored by the SC and by the
Election Commission.

Election
Commission
State 29

(Amount 29)

Amount allocated to each political party=Amount2/Total No. of State Parties

Political
Part 1

Political
Party 2

Political...
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