Exegesis 3: Mark 6:1-11
I. Jesus displeases the Pharisees (1-5)
a. Walking through the grain fields (1)
a.i. On the Sabbath day (1)
a.ii. With his disciples (1)
b. They plucked some heads of grain (1)
b.i. They were hungry(1)
b.ii. They ate the grain(1)
c. The Pharisees question Jesus (2)
c.i. Why are they doing something that goes against the Sabbath? (2) c.ii. Jesus asks them if they have read what David did when he was hungry (3) c.ii.1. He entered the house of god (4)
c.ii.2. Took the bread and at it (4)
c.ii.3. It was not lawful for him and his friends to eat (4) c.ii.3.a. Only for the priests (4)
c.iii. “The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath” (5)
c.iii.1. Jesus is the Son of Man, and the Lord of the Sabbath (5) II. Jesus angers the Pharisees again (6-11)
a. Jesus entered the synagogue (6)
a.i. He went to teach (6)
a.i.1. On another Sabbath day (6)
a.i.2. He noticed a man (6)
a.i.2.a. This man’s right hand was wounded (6)
a.i.2.a.i. He is not supposed to heal him (6)
a.i.2.b. The Pharisees watch him closely (7)
a.i.2.b.i. Will he heal the man on the Sabbath? (7)
a.i.2.b.ii. If he does they could accuse him (7)
b. Jesus knew what they were thinking (8)
b.i. He asked the man to come (8)
b.i.1. The man stood by his side (8)
b.ii. He questioned the Pharisees (9)
b.ii.1. Is it lawful to do good or evil? (9)
b.ii.1.a. Is it lawful to save a life or destroy it? (9)
b.ii.2. They said nothing (10)
b.iii. He asked the man to out stretch his hand (10)
b.iii.1. Jesus restores the man’s hand (10)
b.iv. The Pharisees were angered and plotted against Jesus (11)
Exegesis: Luke 6:1-11
This text opens with Jesus and his disciples walking through a grain field. It is the day of the Sabbath. His disciples begin to grow hungry. They are not supposed to do any work or eat on this day. But they still grab handfuls of grain, and begin to eat them. Some of the Pharisees were watching this and questioned them as to why they were doing this, knowing it was the Sabbath and that it was not lawful. Jesus stepped forward and answered for them. He asked the Pharisees if they have ever read about what David did when he and his people were hungry; they are the bread of the Presence. No one, but the priests were allowed to eat. But his companions grew hungrier and so he fed them. After this speech, Jesus said “The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath” (Luke 6:5). Considering that Jesus is the Son of Man, this statement means that he is also the lord of the Sabbath. This title imposes that Jesus’ actions for are not in vain, therefore they are exempt from the usual expectations of this day.
The next part of this text begins on a different Sabbath. Jesus enters a synagogue where he goes to teach the people. He notices that there is a man there, his right hand is mangled. Instantly when the Pharisees notice the man and Jesus’ attention on him, they begin to watch. Anticipating that Jesus will attempt to heal the man, and if he does they want to punish him for the act he commits on this day of rest. Jesus knew exactly what they were thinking, he asks the man to come and stand beside him. The man gets up and goes to stand beside him. Jesus begins to speak to the Pharisees. He asks them if it’s okay to do good or bad on the day of the Sabbath or to save a life or to destroy it. He stares at them as they ponder his question. Jesus is angered at their passiveness, knowing that there is nothing unjust about doing the right thing on not just the day of the Sabbath, but on any day. He looks at the man and asks that he extends his hand. The man does and he was healed. Instantly the Pharisees were ignited with fury, they began to plot against Jesus, deciding how they were to punish him.
The genre of Luke’s account is clearly narrative. But when examining the text, it also seems to me that there is also a lesson to this. So looking at this abroad, it appears to be a mix between a narrative and teaching literature. I notice...
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