Government Vocabulary

Topics: Voting system, Elections, Election Pages: 2 (747 words) Published: April 1, 2013
Part 1-Vocabulary

1. Bicameral- Having two legislative chambers or houses. 2. Coalition- An organization of people or countries involved in a pact or treaty (the Constitution). 3. Consensus- An agreement in the judgment or opinion for the Constitution reached by a group of people, or countries, as a whole. 4. Democracy- A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them. 5. Divided government- One party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of the United States Congress. 6. Entitlement- A guarantee to access of benefits granted by a law or contract. 7. Federal- A synonym for national, especially when referring to the government of the United States as distinct from that of its member units (the book has it used with Federal courts, the Federal Election Campaign Act, Federal systems, Federalist, and Federalism). 8. “First past the post”- A British analogy which Robert Dahl uses to refer to the part of the electoral system in which a candidate competing against another candidate only needs at least one more vote than his or her opponent in order to win. 9. Founding Fathers- The delegates who helped format and create the Constitution but were not all at the Convention of 1787. 10. Framers- Robert Dahl uses this instead of the Founding Fathers to refer to the delegates that discussed the formation of the Constitution at the Convention of 1787. 11. Gerrymandering- When candidates deliberately shape a district in a way to include voters who are in favor of themselves or their party and exclude those who are not in favor. 12. Liberty- Freedom of choice or political independence. 13. Logrolling- The act of exchanging favors for mutual gain, such as trading of influence or votes among legislative members to obtain passage of certain projects. 14. Majority rule- A decision made by a group of people which will...
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