2008 (b) Evaluate the view that the impact of war on civilians in Indochina was responsible for communist victory in the period 1968–1979.
I can kind of see your argument BUT it’s hard reading. I think you are saying that the war on civilians had an effect on the North, the South and Cambodia. Yo also could do with a US parag – as the war on civilians effected the home front and thus caused withdrawal.
The Vietnam War remains one of history’s greatest cases of god intentions having a disastrous effect. From 1968-1979, the communist North Vietnam was able to take over both South Vietnam and Cambodia. However, US involvement in Indochina gave cause to the communist victory, with the negative impacts of the civilians and the political nuances this created. In particular, the impact of the war on civilians in the north, south and Cambodia’s can be seen to cause communist victory by 1979, particularly exacerbated by US intervention.
The communist north needed a stable platform to launch its attacks from to win the war. As such, a united community was needed to launch the multiple guerrilla attacks in the south with complete compliance with total warfare. The strong nationalism helped this, but was particularly helped by the US intervention in the area. The bombing of North Vietnam after 1968, such as Line Backer II under Nixon in 1972, as part of his "madman" theory had the counter intuitive effect of binding the country together. Initially designed to stop supplies from going down the Ho Chi Minh trail, the bombing progressively became more socially oriented under the policy of attrition. During the period after the Geneva accords bomb shelters had been built in preparation for the bombing. As such, minimal deaths occurred. However, the bombing of industry saw NV become closer in their shared hatred of foreign intervention. This dislike was moved onto the south, believing them as a US puppet. This allowed the north government headed by Pham Van...
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