Throughout the history of the United States, the presidency has greatly affected our nation and influenced where we are today. After reading two scholarly journal articles discussing the "Johnson Doctrine" and the "Nixon Doctrine", one can learn much about the presidency during this particular time of policy. Their decisions and policies as president came during a rough time for the United States. Their doctrines greatly impacted foreign affairs during Vietnam and the Cold War. It's important to analyze each presidents own doctrine first for their differences, and then compare both for their similarities. Lyndon Johnson took office following John F. Kennedy's assassination in 1961. At this time, some major issues concerning Johnson were the U.S involvement with Latin America, as well as the Cold War. In May of 1965, the "Johnson Doctrine" was introduced when he addressed the nation, stating that "the American nations cannot, must not, and will not permit the establishment of another Communist government in the Western Hemisphere." He also stated the importance of preventing a Communist takeover of the Latin American republic. His address created a new principle of U.S foreign policy. Johnson's doctrine outlined similar objectives to what the United States had been trying to do since the late nineteenth century. The United States had become an overwhelming influence to the Western Hemisphere in trying to shape Latin America's development. In addition, the U.S has attempted to maintain peace and order throughout the world, and eliminate European influence on other countries. By the time Johnson was in office, the nonintervention pledge which said the U.S would not intervene with foreign nations no longer applied. In relation to the Cold War, security, stability, and anticommunism became Johnson's primary goals against a possible war with Russia. Johnson kept the United States military involvement with Guatemala, Brazil, and British...
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