Know the structure of education from early years to post-compulsory education.
1.a) Summarise entitlement and provision for early years education. In 2006 “The Childcare Act” removed the legal distinction between childcare and nursery education for young children aged 0-5 and tried to unify in a program early years education for young children. This resulted in a new law across UK, whereas all children between 3 and 4 old are entitled to a free early years education.
Early years education is a combination based on early learning, care and development of a young child. Based in to main principles, in one hand, it aims to reduce child poverty by supporting working parents, by reducing inequalities among young children and improving their well being. In the other hand it aims to provide high quality early learning, that has been proven to lead better educational and social outcomes in childs development. However depends of the UK country the entitlement varies. In England and in Wales it is called “early years”. Each family is entitled to free early years education up to a 15 hours per week, in England, and in Wales up to 10 hours per week (however many of them offer 12.5 hours per week). In both cases their are entitled to 38 weeks a year, and it can last up to two years, until the child reaches statutory school age. If parents want or need more hours beyond the ones that the state provides, they must pay them themselves. In addition from 1 of September of 2013, 20% of 2 year olds are eligible for funded early learning places up to 570 hours per year. In both cases a child becomes aged eligible and entitled as it follows:
If the child is born between 1st April and 31st August and they can start
the 1st of September.
If the child is born between 1st September and 31st December they will start from 1st January.
If the child is born between 1st January and 31st March they will start from 1st April following their third birthday until statutory school age. Whereas in Scotland and Northern Ireland the regulation varies slightly. In Scotland this provision is called “pre-school education” and as in England is offered to a three and four years old. However families are granted with 475 hours a year. The sessions are delivered as 2.5 hours per week, although some authorities have different policies and may offer additional free hours. Moreover other relevant difference relays on when the child becomes eligible, and is as it follows:
Children whose 3rd birthday falls between 1st March and 31st August become eligible for a free place from the autumn school term following their birthday (usually beginning in August).
Children whose 3rd birthday falls between 1st September and 31st December become eligible for a free place from the spring school term following their birthday (usually beginning in January).
Children whose 3rd birthday falls between 1st January and the last day of February become eligible for a free place from the summer school term following their birthday (usually beginning in April).
And to conclude, in Northern Ireland this new law was introduced in Autumn 2009, and they are offering a year of preschool education for free. In this case the children are entitled from 3 years and 3 months until 4 years and 6 months on 1st of September of each year.
1.b) Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance.
A main differentiation might be cleared out to start off. The curriculum and types of school in England and Wales differ than in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Therefore I just will talk about the two first.
In England and Wales children are entitled to schooling from 3 to...
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