Laos Secret War

Topics: Vietnam War, Vietnam, Laos Pages: 6 (2139 words) Published: June 3, 2013
What is the importance of Hmong fighter in Laos?
By David Duong

Word Count: 1,912

What is the importance of Hmong fighter in Laos?

Part A: Plan of Investigation:
This investigation will assess the situation in Laos; between the North Vietnamese Forces, Laotian Communist Forces, and the Americans. It will examine the roles of the Hmong fighting force, and the reason the United States had to rely on them instead of its own soldiers. But also the reason the Hmong chose to fight on the side that they did, and it reason to fight in the conflict. Overall it main focus is the reason the Hmong fought so hard against the communist forces in Laos; in a conflict that wasn’t they’re at all. The investigations will used sources consist of documentary and online sources, along with the book Tragic Mountains by Jane Hamilton-Merritt.

Part B: Summary of Evidence
During the 1960s and 1970s, the world great power had already established it embassies in Vientiane to pursue their interest in Laos. The country of Laos was in the middle between the world debate between Communism and Diplomacy. Laos was small, mountainous country play a vital role in the long American and Vietnamese war. The Communist party of North Vietnam was using Laos to build and developed critical supply route to South Vietnam and later to Cambodia. But the NVA wasn’t the only ones who had interest in Laos, Americans wanted to keep the first domino from fall and wanting to contain the Communism at the border of “Red China”.

In Laos, the American C.I.A was conducting a secret war again the Communist, at the same times as the 15 long years of the Vietnam War. But they weren’t using American soldier in the conflict, they were training and supplying Hmong fighter to fight against the North Vietnamese. Despite losing the Vietnam War; American took the fight to Laos to stop the NVA. At the Front lines were the Hmong people of the assault in Laos. The Hmong people are people who like to be free, so when the Vietnamese army came. They join the American to fight against the Vietnamese to stop their quest for hegemony.

The Hmong people has a culture that is 4,000 years old, they treasure the concepts of honor, commitment, and loyalty. But the thing that stands the most to the Hmong people is being Free and having Freedom. Since the American were afraid that Laos could be another Vietnam. They didn’t want to send in its own troops. So they sent C.I.A recruiter to Northern Laos to recruiter fighter to fight against the communist in the area and to keep them out of Laos. And prevent Laos from fall to communist hands. The role of the Hmong fighter was recuing down pilot, from the bombing campaign in Laos. To fighting and defending airfields, like Long Change and other airfield that were vital to the Americans. They were train to used guerrillas tactics to fight against the North Vietnamese Force. But the Hmong wasn’t just fight the Vietnamese; they were also fight the Communist party of Laos, the Pathet Lao forces. But the main enemies to the Hmong were the North Vietnamese army.

The Hmong were strong and fearless fighter; they were the back-bone in the fight for Laos. Many soldiers would run when they get scare of the North Vietnamese Force but the Hmong people would stay and fight till the end. But the Hmong wasn’t just fighter on the ground; some of them were fighter pilot in Laos; along with Laotian pilot. They were train to drop bombs on the supply route of the Communist Forces.

The Hmong people fought the North Vietnamese with everything they had, but even though they were fight they were also losing grounds in the war for Laos. They fought because they want to be kept free and they’re dislike of Communism. They weren’t afraid of anything, as long as they knew that the American government was supplying them with weapon and food. Part C: Evaluation of Sources

This investigation relies heavy on documentary that was made about the secret war in Laos. These...

Bibliography: 3. Hamilton-Merritt, Jane. Tragic Mountains. 1992.
4. Leary, William. Central Intelligence Agency, "Supporting the "Secret War"." Last modified June 27, 2008. Accessed May 30, 2013.http://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/winter99-00/art7.html.
2. Lyoyd-Gorege, William. "The CIA’s ‘Secret War’." Last modified February 25, 2011. Accessed May 30, 2013. http://thediplomat.com/2011/02/25/the-cia’s-secret-war/.
[ 2 ]. Jane Hamilton-Merritt, Tragic Mountains, (1992).
[ 3 ]. Jane Hamilton-Merritt, Tragic Mountains, (1992).
[ 4 ]. Jane Hamilton-Merritt, Tragic Mountains, (1992).
[ 6 ]. Keith Quincy, Harvesting Pa Cha 'ys Wheat: The Hmong & America 's Secret War in Laos, (2011).
[ 7 ]. "Hmong Separated by "Secret War"." Accessed May 30, 2013.http://library.thinkquest.org/trio/TR0110763/secretWar.html.
[ 8 ]. "Hmong Separated by "Secret War"." Accessed May 30, 2013.http://library.thinkquest.org/trio/TR0110763/secretWar.html.
[ 9 ]. Lyoyd-Gorege, William. "The CIA’s ‘Secret War’." Last modified February 25, 2011. Accessed May 30, 2013. http://thediplomat.com/2011/02/25/the-cia’s-secret-war/.
[ 17 ]. Jane Hamilton-Merritt, Tragic Mountains, (1992).
[ 18 ]. Keith Quincy, Harvesting Pa Cha 'ys Wheat: The Hmong & America 's Secret War in Laos, (2011).
[ 19 ]. Keith Quincy, Harvesting Pa Cha 'ys Wheat: The Hmong & America 's Secret War in Laos, (2011).
[ 20 ]. Jane Hamilton-Merritt, Tragic Mountains, (1992).
[ 21 ]. Jane Hamilton-Merritt, Tragic Mountains, (1992).
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