Multicultural Competency Paper
Marvella S. Morris
September 19, 2013
Dr. Guykesha Gardner, PsyD
Multicultural is defined by having many ways of knowing about something/ethnic group, or having many different world views. It is usually complex and contextual. Multicultural psychology examines ways of how culture effects the way people act, think, and feel. Multicultural psychology is defined as the systematic study of cognition, behaviors, and the effects of it in different setting where people of different backgrounds or ethnic groups interact (Hall & Barongan 2010). Culture is an external factor because it influences the events that occur around us and our interactions with other people, but on the flip side of things, culture also influence our internal process, such as how we view and understand things that goes on around us. Many times what occurs in one context may not necessarily happen in another (Hall & Barongan 2010). There are many factors to consider when discussing culture, which many may disregard as well, such as, race, gender, socioeconomic status, sexual identity, disability, and religiosity. According to Hall & Barongan cultural diversity in groups of color is important because the ethnic groups are growing rapidly, and changing North America. According to Hall & Barongan Multicultural psychology has been neglected and most American psychology literatures does not address cultural diversity or the importance of multicultural issues. The major accomplishment or attribute a person must possess is to be able to achieve a multicultural competency. This be can done by having the strength and ability to set aside personal feelings, biases, stereotypes and prejudices, and allow seeing the mixture of diverse behaviors amongst many ethnic groups. By achieving this it is noted that psychologist or any professional should receive training on diversity, and expand their knowledge of the different cultures of their clients or students. In this paper I will assess the Multicultural guidelines that The American Psychological Association created for psychologists or professionals to follow in order to reach full multicultural competency. In this paper I will focus on Guidelines # 1 and #2. I will use guidelines #1 and # 2, as a focus to prepare to my experiences in my professional and personal life.
Multicultural Competency Paper
American Psychological Association (APA) created a body of multicultural guidelines. The guideline serves the purpose of supplying psychologists a snapshot to follow in order for psychologist to have a more successful chance in servicing more diverse populations. According to APA a person who has the ability of understanding and respecting another culture while having the ability to communicate and work with individuals from that culture, are considered culturally competent. Guideline 1: Indicates that "Psychologists are encouraged to recognize that, as cultural beings, they may hold attitudes and beliefs that can detrimentally influence their perceptions of and interactions with individuals who are ethnically and racially different from themselves (APA, 2003). It is noted that psychologist should have a general idea and recognize own personal beliefs, opinions, and attitudes, as it can have a huge impact of the effectiveness when working with clients and their families. This guideline is important because psychologist involuntarily have personal views of different groups, which can sometimes lead to negative stereotypes of the individual and their classified group. In my opinion it is important for psychologist or any professional to be familiar with the diversity that may exist in their work place or personal life. This can include cultural heritage, ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status just to name a few. Guideline 2# places emphasis on how Psychologists are encouraged to recognize the importance of multicultural...
References: American Psychological Association. (2002). Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists. Retrieved from American Psychological Association, Psych/535 website.
Hall,G.C.N., & Barongan, C. (2010). Multicultural psychology 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall
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