by Keith Wilson
Associate Professor and Director of Rehabilitation Programs Department of Counselor Education, Counseling Psychology,and Rehabilitation Services, The Pennsylvania State University Table of Contents
WHAT IS MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION?
PROS OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
CONS OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
WHAT WOULD REAL MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION LOOK LIKE?
DEFINITION OF TERMS
What is Multicultural Education?
Multicultural education relates to education and instruction designed for the cultures of several different races in an educational system. This approach to teaching and learning is based upon consensus building, respect, and fostering cultural pluralism within racial societies. Multicultural education acknowledges and incorporates positive racial idiosyncrasies into classroom atmospheres. Pros of Multicultural Education
A significant demographic transformation is on the horizon for the United States of America. Bennett (1995) estimates that "by the year 2000, over 30 percent of our school age population will be children of color" (p.18). Additionally, research has indicated that ethnic minority students are disproportionately poor, dropping out of school, being suspended or expelled, and achieving far below their potential relative to the ethnic majority (Bennett, 1995). Consequently, teachers must prepare themselves and their children for the ever changing challenge of interacting and communicating with diverse races. Reduction of fear, ignorance, and personal detachment are possible benefits to a Multicultural education. The following excerpts are taken from Paul Gorski (1995), a University of Virginia Doctoral student during a case study interview: The idea of political correctness with the black race astounds me. I found it extremely interesting that some blacks in our class prefer to be called African American. In all of my classes...I have felt like I was stepping on egg shells as to not offend the...
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