New Testament and Holy Spirit

Topics: Jesus, New Testament, Christian terms Pages: 8 (2249 words) Published: September 10, 2013
1. The Holy Spirit.
2. The Personality of the Holy Spirit (Bible)
2.1The Holy Spirit is a Person.
First, He exhibits five attributes of a person:

2.1.1 He has intellect
The Holy Spirit has intellect, for "the Spirit searches all things." (1 Corinthians 2:10). The Holy Spirit reveals the deep things of God and reveals them to us. The same word is used by Christ in John 5:39, where He says, "Ye search the Scriptures."

2.1.2 He has knowledge
No human being can know the thoughts of God, but the Holy Spirit understands the mind of God (1 Corinthians 2:11).

2.1.3He has a mind
Just as the Holy Spirit knows the Father, so the Father knows the mind of the Spirit (Rom 8:27). This passage clearly indicates that the Holy Spirit has intellect, because the word, "mind," (phronema) means "way of thinking, mind-set; aim, aspiration, striving" (cf. Ephesians 1:17).

2.1.4He has emotions
— As used in the Bible, it means to have feelings, awareness, and an ability to respond to something. Ephesians 4:30 is a command: "Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God." The Holy Spirit is grieved when we lie (v. 25), are angry (v. 26), steal or are lazy (v. 28), or speak unkind words (v. 29). The noun form of the same Greek word is used in 2 Corinthians 2:2, 5, about the sorrowful feelings of the Corinthians after Paul wrote them a stern letter of reproof. Only a person can be grieved; a mere influence cannot be grieved.

2.1.5 He has a will
The Holy Spirit can choose and make decisions. He has a will. This is shown in several passages. In Acts 16:6, for example, the Holy Spirit exercised His will to forbid Paul to go to a certain place, and instead directed him to go to Europe and preach.

2.2 The Holy Spirit is a Person.
Second, He does ten things which the Father and the Son also do:

2.2.1He testifies
The promise of Jesus was that the Holy Spirit "will bear witness of Me" (Jn 15:26). In John 15:27, the same word is used of the disciples' testifying about Christ. As the disciples would bear witness concerning Christ, so the Holy Spirit would bear witness of Christ.

2.2.2 He helps
Jesus promised to send His disciples "another Comforter" (Jn 14:16). "Another" means that the Holy Spirit would be a helper, as Jesus was.

2.2.3 He teaches
Just as Christ taught the disciples (Matt 5:2; Jn 8:2), so the Holy Spirit would teach them also (Jn 14:26). He would do the same teaching ministry and bring to their remembrance the words of Christ.

2.2.4 He guides
Jesus assured His disciples that, when the Holy Spirit came, He would guide them in their search for truth (Jn 16:13). He would be as a guide, escorting a traveler through an unknown country.

2.2.5 He convinces and convicts
It was promised that the Holy Spirit would "convict the world" of sin, righteousness, and judgment (Jn 16:8). The word, "convict" (elegcho) means to "convince someone of something; point out to someone."

2.2.6 He regenerates
Everyone who experiences the new birth has been regenerated by the Holy Spirit (Eze 36:25-27; Titus 3:5).

2.2.7 He intercedes
The Holy Spirit takes the pleadings of the believer and intercedes on his behalf before Christ (Rom 8:26). He intercedes for humans just as Christ does (Rom 8:34; Heb 7:25). An inanimate quality cannot intercede for anyone.

2.2.8 He commands
The Holy Spirit commanded that Paul and Barnabas be set apart for missionary work (Acts 13:2).

2.2.9 He sends out
In Acts 13:4, He sends two men out to do missionary work.

2.2.10 He forbids and prohibits
In Acts 8:29, the Holy Spirit directed Philip to go and speak to the Ethiopian eunuch.

2.3 The Holy Spirit is a Person.

Third, certain things can be done toward Him, which could not be done if He did not have a personality: He can be obeyed
In Acts 10, the Lord told Peter to go to the house of Cornelius. He obeyed the Holy Spirit and went.

He can be resisted
Stephen told the Jews, about to stone...
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