New Testament Final
1.1 What challenges did the Jesus-following movement encounter in its expansion from its original Jewish circles to the Gentile world? whether or not the Jewish law will be applying to the gentiles.
What major question grew out of the expansion of the early church to include gentiles, beginning with Cornelius in Acts 10, but building into a full-blown controversy between Paul and other Jewish Christians? Where in the New Testament can we turn to see Paul’s teaching on this matter? Clean and unclean.
2. Paul: His Mission and Theology:
What figure in the early church made the greatest impact on the New Testament canon, not only authoring the greatest number of works, but also frequently providing an interpretive lens through which the other works are viewed? Paul.
How many “missionary journeys” did Paul embark on? (8.1.6) Paul embark in four missionary journeys
When going on missions, where is it that Paul always seems to go first? Why would he go to this sort of place and not any other public venue first? To the synagogues
Because that’s where the chosen people were.
What evidence do we have the suggests Paul remained a faithful Jew, and did not tell other Jews to abandon the Torah’s commands? (7.1.10) specifically participating as a demonstration that he honored the law
What is Paul’s particular religious background (what sect is he associated with?)? (7.1.12) (PPT) He says he is a Pharisee
Why might we not call Saul/Paul’s life-changing encounter with Jesus a “conversion”? (8.1.4) Because it seemed to be more of a moment of enlightenment. He didn’t switch to a different religion. He just began proclaiming to the faith he previously tried to destroy.
What two letters are most important for the debate about how to interpret Paul’s view of the Law? According to the New Perspective, what was the real source of Paul’s conflict with his Jewish contemporaries? (8.1.12, 15) Romans and Galatians. Pauls ongoing conflict with his jewish contemporaries concerned tendancies not toward legalizim but rather towards separatism and exclusivism.
What key phrase in Rom 3:28 is interpreted two different ways, depending on one’s understanding of Paul? What are the two possible interpretations of this phrase? (8.1.16, 20) 1) works = good deeds; 2) works = specific ritual customs of the Jews Works of the law.
What evidence do we have that Paul encountered resistance in the form of an anti-Pauline Jewish Christian counter mission? (7.1.8; 8.2.10, 15; 9.1.12, 15; 10.1.14)
Were of Jewish ancestry and they presented themselves as ministers of Chris. They were super apostles.
Paul says in Galatians that when a person is “baptized into Christ”, all status distinctions become obsolete. What distinction in Paul’s churches is likely the primary target of this point? (PPT) The righteous should live by faith
What was the point of Paul’s fund-raising among the Gentile churches (mentioned in 2 Corinthians) – who was the money destined for and why? How does this fit the picture of Paul that develops from a reading of Acts and his letters? (9.1.14; PPT) Becoming one in Christ. This applies to the Jews and Gentiles and the struggle they had with getting along and Paul is saying they are to be accepting everyone.
Heb 10:10 reflects on the mystery of Jesus’ self-sacrifice, saying that “by a single offering, he perfected for all time those who are being made holy.” What can you tell me about this verse in light of the “double sense” of sanctification in Paul’s theology? (9.2.6) People can now be counted as righteous even though they continue to struggle and fail to live as God wishes.
Following the lead of the Apostle Paul, what “source” can be of great use when speaking to nonbelievers about God? (7.1.4; 9.2.9)
Why does Paul resort in some of his letters to metaphors of...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document