Outline a liberal difference of toleration and pluralism

Topics: Liberalism, Political philosophy, Liberal democracy Pages: 2 (818 words) Published: February 26, 2015
Outline a liberal difference of toleration and pluralism [15] Toleration refers to a particular form of inaction, it is based on moral reasoning and a specific set of circumstances. Tolerance refers to a particular form of inaction, based on moral reasoning and a specific set of circumstances. In particular, toleration must be distinguished from permissiveness, blind indifference and willing indulgence. For example, a passer-by who chooses not to interfere to apprehend a mugger, or a parent who simply ignores the unruly behaviour of his or her children, cannot be said to be exhibiting ‘tolerance’. Pluralism, in its broadest sense, is a belief in or commitment to diversity or multiplicity, the existence of many things. As a descriptive term, pluralism may denote the existence of party competition (political pluralism), a multiplicity of ethical values (moral or value pluralism), a variety of cultural beliefs (cultural pluralism) and so on. As a normative term, it suggests that diversity is healthy and desirable, usually because it safeguards individual liberty and promotes debate, argument and understanding. More narrowly, the term pluralism is used as a theory of the distribution of political power. As such, it holds that power is widely and evenly dispersed in society, not concentrated in the hands of an elite or ruling class. Liberals believe that to be tolerant, a person must be willing to accept another person’s view without having to agree with such view, and there is a limit to what is accepted. For instance, with religious views other religions may tolerate each other up to some degree, however if it goes over a certain limit, it is no longer tolerated. Such as, if Catholics were to want to enforce Christianity in to every other religion, the other religions would not tolerate this, and vice versa. On the other hand, Pluralism is a view that suggests a commitment to diversity and multiplicity, it is entirely different from Toleration, this is because...
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