Political Science

Topics: Politics of the United States, Federal government of the United States, President of the United States Pages: 4 (1479 words) Published: December 18, 2012
Charles Crespo
Pol 1101- Political Science
Professor McCool
Spring 2012

The pre-existing and existing of Political Parties
Political parties have been a vital part of America's government History. As we all know the United States “party system” is known as a two-party system – Democrats and Republicans – whom both compete for most of the offices in American government. This occurs because of government and election laws, especially the use of single-member legislative districts. Political parties are defined as teams of politicians, activists, and voters whose goal is to win control of government. In order for them to win the control of government they perform critical tasks of enrolling and appointing candidates for specific offices. Likewise they gather resources needed to campaign for each appointed candidate. Finally they are in a chase for a policy plan that can help attract voters. The prospect of “partying rule” has long mad Americans suspicious of these organizations. Indeed, the separation of powers into different branches was meant to blunt any attempts by a “faction”. (American Government Power and Purpose, pg. 468) Parties, however, are not compassionate. They do not solve problems simply make democracy work. Those in the part recognize that these problems represent opportunities to secure elected office, to influence public policy, even to make profit. For the politicians inside these organizations, the parties provide a clear path to office through the nominating system and to power through party organization. For its activists, the party is a potential way to pull the policies of government in a direction more favorable to the party’s views. For the interest groups that sustain the parties, the parties offer the potential benefits of being close to power and influencing what government does. At times, the influence of activists, party leader, organized interest, and local supervisors become too pronounced. Regulations on campaign...
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