For over 6 decades the French had colonial control of Indochina . In 1954, the French suffered a critical defeat at Dien Bien Phu, the French having no options had to pull out of Vietnam. At the Geneva Conference of 1954, an agreement was met called the Geneva Accords, it stated the French would draw all military forces out of Vietnam and temporarily divide Vietnam along the 17th parallel; which spilt the country into communist North Vietnam which was supported by Russia and China and non-communist South Vietnam supported by the United States. The communist government in North Vietnam was led by Ho Chi Minh; he sought to unite Vietnam under communist rule. The United States feared the spread of communism would prove the "domino theory" which stated that if one country in Southeast Asia fell to communism then surrounding countries would also soon fall.
Tension between North Vietnam and South Vietnam began to rise as leader of North Vietnam Ho Chi Minh set his agenda to reunite Vietnam under communist control. In 1955, a civil war in South Vietnam erupts. Highly trained guerrilla troops under Ho Chi Minh known as the Viet Cong were gunning down South Vietnam’s military, in an attempt to cripple South Vietnam’s army and force unification. In response, President Lyndon Johnson sends military advisors to train South Vietnamese military . As the fighting between the Viet Cong and the South Vietnamese continued for several years, U.S involvement in Vietnam was only to train the South Vietnamese military so they could fight the war themselves. On August 2, 1964 the North Vietnamese fired directly upon two U.S. ships in international waters claiming it was mistaken of identity at Gulf of Tonkin. Congress responded with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. This resolution granted greater authorization of U.S. involvement in Vietnam, and in March 1965, President Lyndon Johnson used that authority to order the first U.S. ground troops to Vietnam. The United States officially...
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