raising Intercultural Awareness
Nowadays, media increasingly become an important sours of raising people’s awareness of different threats and necessities, which modern societies rely more and more on it to arise and discuss their news and issues. Moreover, one of the important issues a raised by media are those issues related cultural aspects especially subjects linked to culture diversity ‘Multiculturalism’. This will be discussed in depth, as it is the core topic of this paper. This essay will involve in defining ‘Multiculturalism’ and focus on Britain. Furthermore, it will involve in describe the UK’s multiculturalism in the light of chosen case study (David Cameron’s speech in Munich conference). Thereafter, will attempt to make a comparison between the case study and some multiculturalism theoretical concepts. Subsequently, a brief of my experience of multiculturalism as a general and especially in the UK. Finally, some conclusions will be drawn in the light of discussion.
Multiculturalism has been largely discussed on both scientific and public level. In fact, based on current literature, it can be argued that there is no a clear definition of multiculturalism, due to many existing definitions diverge in terms of written time and understanding of what multiculturalism all about, which for example multiculturism in 70s and 80s is completely different than modern multiculturalism in present century, in the 70s for instance, ‘multiculturalism’ used as a policy to preserve myriad cultures, Nash 1996. However, that definition has evolved over years and become more descriptive for instance, Rosado 1997, defines multiculturalism as “a system of beliefs and behaviors that recognizes and respects the presence of all diverse groups in an organization or society, acknowledges and values their socio-cultural differences, and encourages and enables their continued contribution within an inclusive cultural context which empowers all within the organization or society.” This definition can be considered as more expressive of modern multiculturalism.
In fact Britain represents such a good multicultural societies, according to BBC (2011), Britain is one of the most ethnically diverse country in Europe, representing verity of different cultures. Which According to cabinet office (2003), 8% of the UK population are Ethnic minorities, that is around 4.6 million people, In other words there are so many variety of nationalities, religions, languages and culture backgrounds. According to Office for National Statistics 2011, it indicates an obvious increase in immigrants to the UK which the number has been raised between 2001 and 2009 for instant, Indian occurred an increase of 3.9%, Chinese 8.6%, Mixed: White and Black African 6.3%...etc. Those immigrants mostly concentrate in the West Midlands, the South-East of England, and. In cities like London, Birmingham or Leicester.
British people split up in terms of welcome multiculturalism and unwelcome it within their societies, which the majority believe that it has improved British society and enriched their culture, others believe it has an effect on their country and culture, as they for example, some parts of Britain have changed radically by different cultures which they believe that the influence of other cultures has affected their identity.
Nowadays, multiculturalism has been attacked from political spectrum as they considered that an issue as a result of immigration and how that being damaged the societies of Great Britain. Which, a security conference in Munich, Germany in 2011, David Cameron has criticized "state multiculturalism" in his first speech as prime minister on radicalization and the causes of terrorism (BBC. 2011). Cameron’s speech focuses on the problems related to multiculturalism and emphasized on Muslims communities in Britain as they failed to integrate well in multicultural societies, also he mentioned...
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