Short Essay # 2
Short Essay on Christology
Jesus was both a human being and God. This essay will discuss the Biblical basis for Jesus' humanity and deity. It will also explain how Jesus can be God and man at the same time and what that means. Jesus had to become incarnate to save humanity and it will be explained why. It will also be discussed the dangers of overemphasizing and denying the humanity and deity of Christ, as well as some of the common objections to the traditional understandings of Christology and the author's response to them. Finally a discussion of the author's response to Christ's example of humanity.
Jesus was a human being. The Bible states “The Word became flesh” (John 1:14). In the Bible we see Jesus “feeling hunger, anxiety, disappointment and surprise”1 (Mark 2:15, Mark 14:33, Mark 15:34) just as a man would`. Jesus was also God. The book of John is full of Biblical basis for his deity. There are the 7 “I AM's.”2 John also shows where He is identified by others as God (John 4:42). Jesus is also worshiped as God (Hebrews 1:6), which would only happen if he was God.
Jesus is both God and man via the Hypostatic Union. It states human nature and divine nature were inseparably united forever in the person of Jesus Christ, with both natures remaining unchanged, without mixing, making Jesus Christ truly God and truly man.3 Drickamer states “To deny that Christ is one person is to deny the incarnation (John 1:14)”4This means that Jesus, who is part of God, became man. Making God man, but leaving God remaining also as God. God did not change. Part of him, Jesus, just became human. Jesus is part of God through the trinity. The trinity is God as one being “yet existing as three eternal persons”5 (Matthew 28:19). These were all dealt with via the Council of Chalcedon in 451 which gave us the unity of the natures, concluding that the humanity and deity of Christ exist “without confusion, without change, without division,...
Bibliography: Blaising, C. “Hypostatic Union” In Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, ed. Walter A Elwell, 2nd ed., 583-584 Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2001
Drickamer, J. M. “Communication of Attributes, Communiatio Idiomatum” In Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, ed. Walter A Elwell, 2nd ed., 277 Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2001
Hall, J. H. “Chalcedon, Council of” In Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, ed. Walter A Elwell, 2nd ed., 218-219 Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2001
Towns, Elmer Theology for Today Mason, OH: Cenage Learning, 2008
Wallace, R.S. and G.L. Green “Christology, New Testament Christology” In Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, ed. Walter A Elwell, 2nd ed., 239-245 Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2001
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