The 1960’s marked an era of change and a social revolution for many people in the United States. The Civil Rights Movement was in full force, man first walked on the moon, there was also the devastation regarding the assassinations of both Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr and President John F. Kennedy. There was the development of a counter culture that brought about the Hippie subculture. The Anti-War movement which began after the Cold War in the 1950’s continued on until the late 1960’s. The movement became the focus of many university and college campuses as a protest to the Vietnam War and “The Draft.” During an antiwar demonstration on the Kent State University Campus in 1970, students gathered to protest the Vietnam War and the invasion of Cambodia. The Ohio state Governor at the time, James Rhodes, summoned the US National Guard to the Kent campus with the goal of ending the demonstration and asking the students to disburse. The students would not comply and as a result of bad judgment, US National Guard began fire in to a crowd of unarmed demonstrators killing four students and leaving nine injured. (Davidson et al., 2005) This incident at Kent State became the fuel of the antiwar movement of the 1970’s. The Kent stated incident reached many people not just the hippies and antiwar protestors. Young people who were coming of age began to question the war, the draft, and the overall goals of America. Every household was affected one way or the other regarding the war. Everyone started also question why peace talks were organized but continually failed. (Bexte, 2002) Most Americans agreed that the war did not threatened the security of the US. Initially, it was believed that if a young person attended a university they would not be drafted. In the middle and late 60s, every male in America had to register for the draft. Once registered, according to the Selective Service System, he became eligible for the draft for only a period of 2 years....
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VietnamWar.com (2008) Retrieved May 11, 2008 from website: http://www.vietnamwar.com/timeline69-75.htm
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Tull, M. (2008) Chronic PSTD in Vietnam War Veterans. Retrieved May 11, 2008 from website: http://ptsd.about.com/od/ptsdandthemilitary/a/Vietnamlongterm.htm
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