During the Vietnam War the United States Army had to deal with another type of warfare, which they had never seen. The United States usually fought a traditional type of war, where the country that occupied the most land was supposedly the winner. However, that all changed when the United States Army entered Vietnam. Throughout the Vietnam War, multiple non-traditional warfare tactics used by the Viet Cong confused the U.S. troops and made it very difficult for the U.S. to defeat the Viet Cong. Guerrilla warfare, specifically tunnels, booby traps and quick, stealthy attacks caused the U.S. to fight a war of attrition and forced new tactics including technological advances, chemical warfare, and severe bombing. Before the United States entered Vietnam, the Chinese ruled North Vietnam and the French ruled the South. However, when the French announced, in 1946, to take over North Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh knew that he had to fight for it. (2000-2013, War in Vietnam, 3) after the French retreated from North Vietnam Hồ Chí Minh became the leader of the North Vietnamese and wanted to continue the spread of communism. (2 May 2013, News, before it, 3) While preparing for the war in Vietnam the United States knew that they had to go against Nguyễn Sinh Côn, also known as Hồ Chí Minh, who was a Vietnamese communist revolutionary leader, and the President of the democratic republic of Vietnam. The USA knew that Hồ Chí Minh was an extremely persuasive person, and had already gained the trust of many people all over Vietnam. While the United States were determined to end communism as a whole, Hồ Chí Minh wanted to continue communism throughout Southeast Asia. (2000-2013, War in Vietnam, 3) While trying to continue the spread of communism throughout Asia, Hồ Chí Minh had another idea on his mind as well. Hồ Chí Minh was determined to reunite North Vietnam and South Vietnam. However, there was only one major problem. The North Vietnamese wanted Vietnam to be communist, while the South Vietnamese wanted Vietnam to be democratic. (2 May 2013, News, before it, 4) This started the outbreak of war between the countries. The North Vietnamese were against the South Vietnamese, who had been given a substantial amount of aid by the United States. The Vietnam War was caused by the United States fearing communism’s spread throughout Asia. The United States government feared that communism would potentially hit the United States. The United States government believed in a theory, which was that, if one country in Southeast Asia were to fall to Communism, that other countries would follow one after the other (4 September, 2008, Vietnam War, 1) This speculation later became known as the Domino Theory. (2000-2013, War in Vietnam, 1) Believing in the Domino Theory, the United States had a huge grudge on their back to quickly end the spread of communism throughout Southeast Asia. The U.S. thought the best way to end the Domino Theory was to invade a country. The U.S. believed invading a country like Vietnam was quick, easy, and simple (2000-2013, War in Vietnam, 1). However, they did not know that Vietnam had a whole different type of warfare, and the condition in Vietnam was not to the USA’s benefit. The United States had fought traditional wars for many years, where two countries line up next to each other and shoot. The U.S. had been successful at it as well. However, when it came to the war in Vietnam, all of those traditional war tactics had gone out of the window.
The Viet Cong knew that the U.S. was going to enter the war and do all means necessary to defeat the North. However, the Viet Cong had a much better advantage than the U.S. The North Vietnamese knew their land by heart and used it to their advantage. (1999, Anderson David L., 8) The North Vietnamese’s most successful tactic was building tunnels that would connect from city to city. (On the website war, April 30, 2013 Vietnam Tunnel Warfare, 1, 2) The Viet Cong...
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