Towards Healing the Hidden Wounds (titull)
Using Truth and Reconcliation Strategies in the Balkans(nentitull) jep zgjidhjen
3 March 2012
ENG 102 and 106
Honor Statement: I have neither given nor received, nor have I tolerated others’ use of unauthorized aid. Timothy Hagen
Towards Healing the Hidden Wounds: Using Truth and Reconcliation Strategies in the Balkans (titull,nentitull)
Introduction (shkurtimisht summary)
The Balkans has been a battlefield for thousands of years. From the conquests of Alexander’s father, Philip, to the Romans, Ottomans, and independence and nationalist movements of the last centuries, many armies have marched back and forth across the peninsula. The conquests, rebellions, retributions, and atrocities—including genocide—have created long-lasting resentments. While political and military solutions have been imposed and brought periods of peace, these have periodically disintegrated to expose raw feelings of hatred and desire to take revenge for recent or ancient wrongs. In order to prevent further outbreaks of violence in the Balkans, a solution must be found. What might that solution be? The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) of South Africa offers some hope in bringing reconciliation to a society with a violent history. A modified truth and reconciliation movement that includes punishment for war criminals and apologies for current and past wrongs, coupled with EU-style integration, offers the best hope for peace in the Balkans as it entails recognizing the evils perpetrated in the past, punishing the modern perpetrators of genocide, apologizing for historic wrongs, working towards forgiveness and healing, and seeking to establish political frameworks that encourage cooperation rather than conflict.
Outline(pikat kryesore ca po trajtoj)(struktura)
I. Introduction: briefly outline the problem of Balkan conflicts, the theories for peace and the thesis. II. Background: History of Balkans and seeds of conflict
III. Close analysis of proposed solutions
A. European integration: a good political solution, but does it only paper over the underlying causes? Will it bring lasting peace? B. Truth and Reconciliation: acknowledge the wrongs and work towards forgiveness and lasting peace. Try to avoid repeating the evils of history. 1. Problems: does not punish wrongdoers
IV. Proposed solution:
Balance: punishment for those wrongdoers yet alive; apologies by the descendents of those whose ancestors perpetrated evil V. Conclusion: review arguments and thesis
Given that I have identified the sources to use in this paper, what remains to be done is to gather the supporting data and include it in the draft of my paper.
Avruch, Keith and Beatriz Vejarano(mbiemer,emer). “Truth and Reconciliation Commissions: A Review Essay and Annotated Bibliography.”(titull) OJPCR: Online Journal of Peace and Conflict Resolution(nga esht amr). 4.2 (2002).(data qe e ka shkrujt ai) Web. 10 Nov. 2009.(data qe esht publikuar en inter)
This article gives an excellent, although overwhelming look at the vast number of texts dealing with Truth and Reconciliation Commissions (TRC) and the conflicting theories given by the many authors of such texts. Obviously, there is no consensus on TRC’s.(pse e kam mar/?) Bastiat, Frederic. The Law. 1850. Tr. Dean Russel. New York: The Foundation for Economic Education. Web. August 2009.
Bastiat’s pamphlet gives an insightful perspective on natural law and the role of government in protecting the rights of all. De Largentaye, Bertrand, Tamara Buschek, and Fabien Dupuis. “Forgiveness and a Promise: Advocating a More Regional Approach to the Balkans by the EU.” Notre Europe: Policy Papers Nr. 21. Web. 16 November 2009.
This paper gives a history of the Balkan problems in the 1990’s and recommendations for the EU’s approach. It suggests that the EU’s model of...
Bibliography: Bastiat, Frederic. The Law. 1850. Tr. Dean Russel. New York: The Foundation for Economic Education. Web. August 2009.
Bastiat’s pamphlet gives an insightful perspective on natural law and the role of government in protecting the rights of all
Tutu, Desmond. No Future without Forgiveness. Image. 1999. Print.
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