The Church and the Gospels of Matthew and Luke
The four authors that wrote about Jesus life and ministry tell the same story in different ways. There are many stories about Jesus and not any one of the apostles told everything that was wrote about Jesus and his life. Even the content about the same story had many different details. I have picked to gospel accounts about Jesus to compare. The two apostles that I picked will compare Luke and Matthew. They both wrote about the same event and they put different theological emphasis on the same action that Jesus did. The two accounts are considered true events in his life. A quick look at the gospels reveals they all address one issue which is Jesus and his ministry. In this, a great amount of overlap can be found in the gospels, more so among the synoptic. If all four gospels are about the ministry of Jesus, Why have all four apostles been wrote about the same event when it would only have taken one to do the same thing. Then why did they write about it and tell the same story in different ways. The question may be asked, why did they write the four gospels? I will look at the gospels of Matthew and Luke in order to look for similarities and differences in there writing. There are seventeen parables in Matthew and nineteen in Luke and of those there are six alike. There are twenty miracles in both Matthew and Luke and thirteen are about the same thing. Both Matthew and Luke give details on Jesus’ infancy (Matthew 1:18 – 2:23; Luke 1:5 – 2:52); the preparatory ministry of John the Baptist (Matthew 3:1-12; Luke 3:1-20); the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (Matthew 3:13 – 4:1-11; Luke 3:21 – 4:15); Jesus’ ministry in Galilee (Matthew 4:13 – 19:1; Luke 4:16 – 9:62); and Jesus’ final week in Jerusalem, passion and ascension (Matthew 21-26; Luke 19-24). In these there is difference can be seen in the way they were written? For the most part, Luke gives more details and fluff in these accounts when written. The biggest difference between the writers is Luke’s coverage of Jesus’ Judean ministry which can only be found his gospel (10:1 – 18:14). Luke looks more to the church with Jesus then the other writers of the Gospel. Even though the Gospels were wrote about the same events they are different because some are from eye witness accounts and others are from detective work. Gospel of Matthew
The main point of the gospel of Matthew is to show how Jesus and his ministry are a continuation of the Old Covenant. I want look at the two Gospels and show how they pertain to the church and the interactions with the teachings of each. 1) Jesus’ Identification with David
Matthew begins with a genealogy of Jesus mentioning two main figures in Israel’s heritage (1:1). The first person that we will talk about is David. The mention of David connects Jesus to the Davidic covenant (2 Samuel 7:1-16) as the one whom through David’s throne would be established forever. Matthew shows that the kingship of Jesus is recognized from his birth by foreigners (2:1-2, 11), and that Jesus claim to the throne is by Jesus himself (12:42; 22:44), especially by coming to Jerusalem and causing actions when he went there. (21:1-11). This aspect of Jesus identity is recognized and accepted many times in the gospel by social outcasts and the general public (9:27; 12:22-23; 15:22; 20:30-31; 21:9, 15). His kingship was also recognized by Rome who regarded it as such a threat, that they kill all the males that was two and younger to prevent the rise of a rival king (2:16). Despite the action from Rome and general public, the religious leadership rejected Jesus’ right to king outright (27:41-42, this could have been the issue behind the lack of repentance as Jesus compares himself to Solomon 12:38-42). 2) The identification with Abraham and fulfilling the Covenant as Israel Matthew mentions Abraham as the second key figure. This identification of Abraham links the ministry of Jesus to the...
Bibliography: Bauer, David R. ‘Son of David’ in Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, ed. J. B. Green & Scot McKnight. Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1992.
Bock, Darrell L. ‘Gospel of Luke’ in Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, ed. J. B. Green & Scot McKnight. Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1992.
Hendriksen, William Luke. Banner of truth New Testament commentary. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1978.
Hendriksen, William Matthew. Banner of truth New Testament commentary. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1973.
House, Wayne H. Chronological and background charts of the New Testament, Academic Books, 1981.
Howard, Marshall, I. ‘Son of Man’ in Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, ed. J. B. Green & Scot McKnight. Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1992.
Keeber, Craig S. The IVP Bible background commentary, New Testament on CD-ROM. ((Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1992.
McKnight, Scot. ‘Gospel of Matthew’ in Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, ed. J. B. Green & Scot McKnight. Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1992.
Riesner, Rainer, D. ‘Galilee’ in Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, ed. J. B. Green & Scot McKnight. Downers Grove, Illinois: InterVarsity Press, 1992.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document