“The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy”
Tymia L. Wilson
Professor Miriam Altman
April 25, 2012
President Nixon became president in 1968 and in his inaugural address on 20th January, 1969 he pledged to bring the nation together again. Like Johnson, the information from his advisers helped form his decisions; his most important adviser being Henry Kissinger (Meiertöns, 2010, p. 143). Kissinger was very knowledgeable when it came to foreign relations. Together, they tried many ways to settle the conflict in Vietnam. It took several years to end American involvement there. “The American efforts were both diplomatic and military. The Nixon administration started new, secret peace talks in Paris leading to the administration withdrawing some troops from Vietnam” (Kimball, 2006, p. 6). The Nixon administration had been chiefly interested with the Vietnam War and the advancement of détente with the Soviet Union and China during its initial years in office.
1. “Summarize a situation that required U.S. diplomatic efforts for the U.S. and other countries” (Strayer University, 2012, Course Guide). “In the gradually more dangerous environment of the Cold War, Nixon wanted to bring the Soviet Union to the bargaining table. And he worried that China — the most populous nation on earth — was living in "angry isolation"” (Meiertöns, 2010, p. 145). In Nixon's inaugural address, he said, "The greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker. This honor now beckons America" (Kimball, 2006, p. 4). On Monday, February 21, 1972, President Nixon touched down in Beijing, China, in the presidential jet. Nixon was notified that his first meeting with Premier Zhou En Lai would be in three hours. “It was customary at the time to quickly get important figures to their meetings so that nothing could interfere with diplomatic proceedings. President Nixon met with his hosts at the Great Hall of...
References: Roskin, Michael, & Berry, Nicholas (2010). IR: The New World of International Relations (8th ed.). (Edition for Strayer University) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall
Small, Melvin (2003). The Presidency of Richard Nixon. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas
Meiertöns, Heiko (2010). The Doctrines of US Security Policy - An Evaluation under International Law, Cambridge University Press, UK.
Kimball, Jeffrey (2006). The Nixon Doctrine: A Saga of Misunderstanding. Boulder, CO: Rowman & Littlefield
Darnish, Scott (2003, June 7). The Legacy of Nixon. The American Presidency Project. Retrieved April 27, 2012 from http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/.
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