THE CONCEPT OF ELECTIONS PPT

Topics: Law, Democracy, Elections Pages: 8 (380 words) Published: May 7, 2015
The Concept and Principle of
Suffrage
Gaylord B. Dumaliang- Political Scientist

 Suffrage

is defined as- ‘’ THE RIGHT TO
VOTE IN AN ELECTION AND BE VOTED
INTO A PUBLIC OFFICE’’. Moreover it is
both a RIGHT and an OBLIGATION.
Through such, citizens directly participate
in government affairs by choosing officials
who will be given mandate to rule. The
principle of ‘’one man one vote’’ should be
observed. Citizens who enjoy the right to
suffrage are called ‘’ELECTORATES’’.

 Election

as the classical definition of suffrage is therefore
the hallmark of democracy ( Tancangco, 1998)
SUFFRAGE HAS FIVE FUNCTIONS
1. As a mechanism for leadership selection

(who)
2. As performance review ( what)
3. As a renewal of consent ( why)
4.As measurement of political currents ( how)
5. As access channels ( can they)

SCOPE OF SUFFRAGE
 Election-

refers to process of choosing
from among the candidates for a
limited period, the peoples’
representative in exercising
government powers.
 Initiative- the process by which the
people directly propose and enact laws
or amend the constitution.

Scope of Suffrage
 Plebiscite-

the process by which a proposed
amendment to the constitution is submitted to
the people for approval.
 Referendum- the process by which a proposed
law or a part thereof is submitted to the people
for approval.
 Recall- The process by which elected local
government officials can be removed from office
before the expiration of his term by a vote of the
people after the registration of a petition.

The Art. V Sec. 1 states:
 ‘’

Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens
of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified
by the law, who are at least 18 years of
age, and who shall have resided in the
Philippines for at least one year and in the
place wherein they propose to vote for at
least six months immediately preceding
the election. No literacy, property, or other
substantive requirement shall be imposed
on the exercise of suffrage’’.

System of ABSENTEE VOTING
The Congress is also mandated to enact
a law that will prescribe the manner by
which the Filipinos working abroad can
exercise their right to suffrage, as such
albeit they are not in the country, they
will be able to participate directly in a
very important political decision of
electing their representatives in the
government. This is called Absentee
Voting.

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