The four Gospels are attributed to different authors, with each book being distinct in some form or another. The Gospels of Mathew, Mark, and Luke are often referred to as the “Synoptic Gospels.” The Gospel of John, however, has a different take on the events of Christ’s life, and he presents them in a poetic form using many symbols. By comparing one of the Synoptic Gospels, like Luke, with the Gospel of John, we can see the similarities and differences throughout their works. Although the Gospels of Luke and John are similar in their description of major events during the time of Christ, the two Gospels differ greatly. Both Luke and John describe many of the major events during the time of Christ in a similar way. In both Luke 3:22 and John 1:32, the Holy Spirit is described in the form of a dove as it descends upon Christ. Because this symbol is in all of the Gospels, Christian churches often portray the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove in art and in icons. Luke 5:18-25 and John 5:5-16 both tell the story of the paralyzed man made to walk. In Luke, “some men came carrying a paralyzed man on a bed…but finding no way to bring him in because of the crowd, they let him down with his bed through the tiles into the middle of the crowd in front of Jesus” (5:18-19). Instead of having the paralyzed man lowered from the roof, John describes him as resting by a holy pool of water (6:2-5). Despite the obvious differences in location, Christ responds the same way in both Gospels. He first forgives the man’s sins, and He tells the man to walk. This shows Christ’s divine authority and His power to perform miracles. Christ’s apprehension, death, and resurrection are all similarly structured in the two Gospels. Christ is first betrayed by Judas in Luke 22:47-54 and John 18:3-12. His life is traded for that of Barabbas in Luke 23:18-24 and John 18:40-19:16. Christ is crucified between two thieves in Luke 23:32-33 and John 19:18. Finally, Christ is resurrected and appears to...
The Collegeville Biblical Commentary
The Catholic Study Bible Commentaries
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