The Theology of Missions

Topics: Jesus, Bible, New Testament Pages: 7 (2161 words) Published: August 29, 2013
THE THEOLOGY OF MISSION

Michael F. White
Global Studies Survey: GLST 500
November 9, 2012

CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Biblical Text Related to Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Old Testament Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 New Testament Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Mission and the Nature of God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Related to Two Other Aspects of Theology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Christology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ecclesiology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Two Themes of Mission Theology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Mission Related to… . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Missionaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Church Leaders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Lay People (not full-time ministry) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Introduction
You may ask, “What is Mission Theology?” First, I think that it is important to understand each word individually and then see how it relates to the totality of both words. Theology is the study of God or the study of the nature of God and the relationship [between] the human and divine. Secondly, let’s look closely at the term mission. As the landscape and scope of missions change through the centuries, so does the terminology used in describing the field. It is important to realize the significance of the different terms used today. We learned in Moreau, Corwin and McGee’s text book, Introducing World Missions: A Biblical, Historical, Practical Survey that, missions (ending in the letter “s”) is the word that is used to describe “the specific task of making disciples of all nations.” Mission, on the other hand, “refers to everything the church does that points toward the Kingdom of God.” An even newer term in mission circles is mission Dei, Latin for “the sending of God.” Mission Theology would best be described as God’s involvement in mission and how he utilizes his creation, man, to further His Kingdom and the salvific message of his Son, Jesus Christ. We will look at God’s word to see how the Old Testament as well as the New Testament views missions. We will also look at how the nature of God relates to missions. We will identify two key themes or motifs of mission theology and finally, we will address how mission theology relates to (1) a missionary (2) church leaders (3) lay people not in full-time ministry.

Biblical Text Related to Mission
All throughout the pages of Scripture we can see mission theology. As early as the fall of man, God began devising a plan to bring salvation to the lost. As we will see, both the Old and the New Testament contains text that pertains to God mission to offer salvation to the entire world. Old Testament

Genesis 12:1-3, Exodus 19:5 and Psalms 67 would be the key versus that I will utilize to...

Bibliography: Diogenes Laertius, 8.41 (available online, retrieved on November 11, 2012) from http://www.mikrosapoplous.gr/dl/dl08.html
Merriam Webster
Moreau, Scott A.; Gary R. Corwin, and Gary B. McGee. Introducing World Missions: A Biblical, Historical, and Practical Survey. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2004.
Winter, Ralph D.; Hawthorne, Steven C. Perspectives on the World Christian Movement. Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library, 2009.
[ 2 ]. Scott A. Moreau, Gary R. Corwin, and Gary B. McGee. Introducing World Missions: A Biblical, Historical, and Practical Survey. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2004. P. 72
[ 3 ]
[ 11 ]. Diogenes Laertius, 8.41 (available online, retrieved on November 11, 2012) from http://www.mikrosapoplous.gr/dl/dl08.html
[ 12 ]
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