LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
THEOLOGY OF MISSIONS PAPER
SUBMITTED TO DR. STEPHEN PARKS
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT
OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE
INTRODUCTION TO WORLD MISSIONS
MARCH 3, 2012
OLD TESTAMENT TEXTS RELATED TO MISSION
NEW TESTAMENT TEXTS RELATED TO MISSION
NATURE OF GOD RELATED TO MISSION
MISSION THEOLOGY RELATED TO OTHER ASPECTS OF THEOLOGY
KEY THEMES AND MOTIFS OF MISSION THEOLOGY
MISSION THEOLOGY RELATED TO MISSIONARY, CHURCH LEADERS & LAY PEOPLE NOT IN FULL-TIME MINISTRY
According to Kim, as a result of mission, the church emerged into the world. Every church came into existence and continues to grow because of mission activity. From the time of the fall of Adam and Eve, God has had a plan to reconcile Himself with mankind and the world. His nature of love could not allow the world to be lost forever. He is a God of mission with a plan to save the world. Because Christians believe the Bible to be a revelation from God and His will for humanity, the thesis is that the living God of the Bible is a God of mission who allows His church to participate in His plan for mission. The existence of relevant Old and New Testament texts related to mission and how the nature of God relates to mission will be emphasized. Mission theology and its relation to other aspects of theology, and the key themes and motifs of mission theology will be discussed. An explanation of the relation of mission theology to a missionary, to church leaders and to lay people not in full-time ministry will be discussed and show that God is a God of mission. OLD TESTAMENT TEXTS RELATED TO MISSION
There are biblical foundations for mission found in both the Old and New Testament texts of the Bible that shows God as a God of mission allowing His people to participate in His plan. Stott stated that God made a crucial promise to Abraham that is needed to understand the Bible and the role of mission in the Christian life, and Walter Kaiser highlighted that there are three basic Old Testament texts that point out God’s call for a missionary mandate. First, both Stott and Kaiser pointed out in Genesis 12: 1-3, that God called Abraham and made a covenant with him to make him a great nation, to bless him, and to bless all families of the earth. This text can be seen as the basis or foundation of mission work in both the Old and the New Testament. In Genesis 18:18 and Genesis 22:18, the promise is repeated to Abraham. Through his offspring, all the nations of the earth will be blessed. Isaac again hears this promise in Genesis 26:4 and Jacob in Genesis 28: 14-15. Second, Kaiser pointed out in Exodus 19: 4-6 that God promised the Israelites to be His special, treasured people who would be His kings and priests. God’s plan for His believers was for them to function on His behalf in the role of priests and mediators between Him and the rest of the world. Olson pointed out that Israel was to be a holy nation and people who lived in a holy manner. The Gentile nations were to recognize them as God’s special people and learn from them. The Israelites were to be a missionary nation. Third, Kaiser pointed out in Psalm 67 that the psalmist asked for God’s face to shine among people versus upon people and thus applied the blessing to all people of the earth. Kaiser stated that the purpose of the blessing was revealed in the second verse of Psalm 67. God’s ways were to be known on earth and His salvation was to be among all the nations including the Gentiles. The Gentiles were to be saved when they believed God through witnessing His blessing of the nation of Israel. In summary, Kaiser noted that in the Old Testament, God called His people to proclaim His purpose to all the nations, to be His priests and mediators to...
Bibliography: Bosch, David J. Witness to the World: The Christian Mission in Theological Perspective.
Atlanta, John Knox, 1980.
Evans, Reverend William. The Great Doctrines of the Bible. England, Dodo Press, 2007.
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