To what extent was the Vietnam War part of the Cold War?
The Vietnam War was a cold war-era military conflict in Southeast Asia. Conflict officially began on November 1st in 1955 and ended on April 30th 1975 with the fall of Saigon. With that it lasted nearly 20 years, which makes it one of the longest military conflicts ever in human history. The war was fought between the Communistic North Vietnamese and the Anti-Communistic south. The north was supported by various nations, including the Soviet Union, China, Cuba, Bulgaria and many others. The south, which was supposedly the by far weaker army, was also supported by a number of countries, the US, South Korea, Australia, Spain and Thailand are only a few of the numerous supporters of the South.
The main problem in the war for the Anti-Communist forces was the Vietcong, which was a lightly armed south Vietnamese communist Guerrilla which was hard to fight, especially for the heavily armed US army. The Vietcong dug complicated tunnel systems and trenches to fight the US in to them unknown territory. The Vietcong preferred this Guerrilla warfare in the rainforests to open battle. The Vietcong also used traps, mines and their knowledge of the region to bring a whole load of trouble upon the US troops. This resulted in heavy bombing raids by the US Air force, this was widely criticised around the whole world as it was seen as a breach of the human rights that the US bombed North Vietnam with napalm bombs. In total, more bombs were dropped on North Vietnam during the Vietnam War than on Germany in the Second World War!
In 1968 the Guerrilla warfare stopped and during the national Tet holiday (from which the attack got its name: Tet offensive) the North Vietnamese army started an assault against over 100 Vietnamese Cities, including the US embassy in Saigon. Although the Anti-Communist forces were initially driven back, they were quick to recover and struck back immediately, decimating the ranks of the North...
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