Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes

Topics: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Pancreas Pages: 2 (748 words) Published: November 4, 2012
LP3.1 Assignment: Compare & Contrast Essay – Draft
Diabetes: Type 1 vs. Type 2
Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. It is caused by very low insulin levels in one’s body, resistance to insulin, no insulin production or a combination of factors. Insulin is a hormone which is normally produced by the pancreas that works in the body to control blood sugar levels in one’s body by moving sugars out of the blood stream. High blood sugars can produce the symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst and increased hunger. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes, which was previously referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes, results from the body's failure to produce insulin or it produces a very small amount of insulin. Type 2 diabetes, was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes or adult onset diabetes, results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly. This means the body doesn't move sugars out of the blood stream very well due to strains on the body caused by physical inactivity or obesity. Some of the most common symptoms in type 1 are feeling tired, feeling hungry, urinate more often, losing weight without trying and being very thirsty. Some of the most common symptoms in type 2 are erectile dysfunction, blurred vision, frequent or low healing of infections and general fatigue. In type 1 diabetes the affected person is required to inject insulin under the skin or wear an insulin pump, which has the effect of lowering blood sugar levels to normal. But for the type 2 diabetes, the affected person their diabetes may be controlled with medications and the best way to manage the symptoms is to engage in regular physical exercise and maintain a healthy diet...
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