Types, Shadows, Christophanies

Topics: New Testament, Jesus, Bible Pages: 9 (2232 words) Published: November 9, 2013

OT310: Genesis Term Paper Assignment


Jia Hao Low

The book of Genesis is the first book of the Bible in chronological order. It is part of the Pentateuch written and compiled mostly by Moses. It is also often referred to as the Torah.

The word Genesis is a Greek word, which means Origin.

The Hebrew word of the word, Genesis (Raysheeth) means Beginning.

The purpose of Genesis is simply to record the handiwork of God. This is the foundational book for all books in the Bible, as most stories in the Bible can be traced back to this book.

The book of Genesis has 2 major divisions.

4 major events (Chapter 1 – 11)

4 major people (Chapter 12 – 50)

The following will be a description on Types, Shadows, and Christophanies.

1) Types

A “Type” is a biblical person, place, or thing described in the Old Testament prefiguring a future biblical person, place, or thing the New Testament or “antitype”

Romans 5:14 - Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

2) Shadows

A “Shadow” is a vivid term to explain about the former, and the thing, which is to come. In the sunlight, the shadow that is casted on the ground appears as an outlined image, but it isn’t the image itself. It may be fairly well detailed, but isn’t original.

Colossians 2:17 - which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ.

3) Christophanies

A “Christophany” is a term to describe the pre-incarnate appearance of Jesus Christ before his actual birth as a God-Man in the Old Testament. It can also be used to describe the appearance of Jesus Christ after the resurrection.


There are many “Types” in the Old Testament.

Noah’s Ark

An example of a “Type” of Christ will be Noah’s Ark, which is recorded for us in between Genesis 6 – 8.

Everyone living during the days of Noah was urged by Noah to enter the Ark, to escape to impending judgment of God. For God was disgusted with the wickedness of Man at that time.

Therefore anyone who is in the Ark will be spared from the judgment of God and will live in the new world, which will be cleansed by the global flood. In the same manner, whoever is in Christ, will be spared from the everlasting lake of fire, which is prepared for the Devil and his Demons for judgment.

John 3:16 – For God so loved the world, that he have his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

In Genesis 8:4, the word “rested” carries the idea that the Ark was finishing it’s work and labor. The work which the Ark carried out was to brave the storm and the Flood, which is the judgment of God, while Noah and his household rested in the Ark. After the work was finished, then it rested.

Jesus Christ came into the world, to seek and save that which was lost. Anyone who is in Him will thus inherit eternal life and be spared the eternal judgment.

As God finished His work of creation, and as the Ark finished it’s mission, so Christ finished His works of salvation.

The set up for Noah’s Ark has only 1 door, 1 entrance. There is only 1 way into Noah’s Ark, which is through the main door.

Jesus mentioned in John 10:9 that He is the door, and whosoever enters through him shall be saved!

Another intriguing thought concerning the Ark is this.

In Genesis 7:1, the Lord instructed Noah, his family, and the creatures of the earth to “Come” into the Ark, which implies that God Himself was in the Ark.

In Genesis 8:16, the Lord commanded Noah, his family and the creatures to now “Go” out from the Ark, to be faithful and multiply, once again to populate the Earth.

In reference to Jesus Christ, we have the following verses.

Matthew 11:28 - Come...

Bibliography: Morris, Henry M. The Genesis Record, A scientific and devotional commentary on the book of beginnings, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, 1976.
Grigg. R. (n.d) First Adam – Last Adam. Retrieved October 26, 2013 from
What are Shadows, Types and Antitypes? Retrieved October 26, 2013 from
Driscoll. M. Jesus in the Old Testament, Part 4: Christophanies. (2012). Retrieved October 26, 2013 from
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