Unit 201 Child and young person development
Outcome 1 Know the main stages of child and young person development
1.1 – See table.
1.2 – Throughout children’s development, activities and milestones can link into more than one learning area. To give an example of this, I draw on an activity I carried out and observed, involving a child who attended a nursery I was an employee at. It was a creative activity based around a book. First, we had to read the book, which encouraged the child to use their literacy skills as they handled the printed pages with interest. The reading also linked to personal, social and emotional development as the child climbed onto my knee to listen to the story. They were one of my key children, who I had a duty to build a special bond with. After we had finished the book I brought it over to the creative table. The child followed me and sat down. I gave them some paper and a paint brush and indicated to the page they could copy off. The picture was of a bear. The child used their fine motor skills to dip the brush into the paint and to move it around the paper.
Another example of an activity which could link into multiple developmental areas is role play in the home corner. Children acting out things they have seen in the home environment shows an understanding of their world. The children might use numbers when counting the number of apples they can find in the fruit bowl or how many bowls they need to feed all of the dolls. By playing together and sharing they are developing their personal, social and emotional skills. The children will talk as they play and make noises, meaning they are communicating.
Outcome 2 Understand the kinds of influences that affect children and young people’s development 2.1 –There are numerous aspects that can affect children and young people’s development. Examples of these are as follows:
If children are “looked after” or in care, and have been for quite some time, it could greatly affect their development. The child may remember being given up by their parents and they may blame themselves for this. The child will miss its mother and father and may misbehave for any other family. This will cause the family distress and may force them to give the child up. Then, the child’s emotions and behaviour will spiral out of control. They may begin to lash out at school, meaning they get themselves into trouble. They may even end up in inclusion or worse, excluded from school. Their grades will be affected because of this, and in turn, this will impact on their future. The child could isolate themselves, afraid to trust anyone, meaning they will struggle to build bonds and friendships. They could feel very lonely. It is important that they receive lots of support from teachers and carers.
If a child comes from a background of poverty, it could create self esteem issues. This could be due to the fact that they may face bullying at school if they are not dressed in the latest trends, or don’t have the latest model of phone etc. The child would become very withdrawn and this would affect their social development and ability to forge friendships. On occasions like school trips, the child may miss out if their parents cannot afford to pay for them to go. Again this would affect their social development and understanding of the world, if they are unable to travel outside of their own environment. However, most schools provide funding for those families who are less fortunate than others, in order to promote equal opportunities.
Children with a visual or a hearing impairment will have to adapt their life to cater for their needs. They may develop at different rates. In school, they may be referred to the Special Educational Needs department, where they can receive help from specially trained and qualified members of staff. For example, if they have a visual impairment, objectives and...
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