Understand child and young person development
Explain how different types of transitions can affect children and young people’s development
Transitions are periods in our lives in which something undergoes a change and moves us from one stage or activity to another. They may be gradual or sudden, long or short term, but they are an essential part of growing up. Some transitions, such as puberty, will happen to all children. However, some children will face more individual transitions, for example death of a loved one, disability, or moving to a new country, which may not be shared or understood by their peers. Children’s early experiences of transitions are largely influenced by the kind of response and support that they receive from those around them and have a huge effect on how they handle transitions at later stages in their lives. Transitions can be grouped into four types: emotional, physical, physiological and intellectual.
Emotional transitions are affected by personal experiences and relationships with others, such as bereavement, the divorce or separation of parents, a new step parent, a new baby, a serious illness or accident, death in the family, violence or abuse. Therefore, they will have an impact on children’s emotional development, such as being unable to form trusting relationships with adults, acting immaturely, attention-seeking or behaving inappropriately.
Physical transitions, may be moving to a new country, home, class, school, or year group, moving from home into care, or simply being asked to move on to another activity in class. The way in which a child deals with the transition can have a massive impact on their development. For example, refusing to take part in a new activity or broaden their experiences, may affect a child’s social, emotional and communication development and ultimately impact on their intellectual development.
Physiological transitions tend to happen over a long period time,...
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