For the United States, the Vietnam War really starts in the 1950s. The thought of the entire world falling to Communism was an issue. The US invaded Vietnam so the communists couldn't take control of another country and allow the 'Domino Effect' from taking place, where one country falls leans on another to fall and so on. With out the help of the U.S and allies the Vietnamese may have fallen to communism and put pressure on the other countries to fall to communism, a sense of paranoia towards communism exploded.
In 1965, after the death of President Kennedy, his successor Lyndon Johnson explained why the U.S. must fight. “It is a war of unparalleled brutality. Simple farmers are the targets of assassination and kidnapping… We are there because we have a promise to keep. Since 1954 every American President has offered support to the people of South Vietnam. We have helped to build, and we have helped to defend. Thus, over many years, we have made a national pledge to help South Vietnam defend its independence. And I intend to keep that promise. To dishonor that pledge, to abandon this small and brave nation to its enemies and to the terror that must follow, would be an unforgivable thing.” LBJ decided what the right thing to do was, to fight against an ongoing problem and work to prevent it.
From 1965 and on there were steady troop increases, and LBJ is in a losing battle, there is really no way the United States can win this war, however pulling out would look “soft” on Communism. Thus begins Vietnamization, or withdrawing troops without the admitting of defeat begins, and a new strategy takes place involving replacing the troops with bombardments. Given consideration, it could be looked at as a noble thing for the U.S. to continue this fight, although it is true there was no way we could come out on top, and in 1965 America lost the longest war in it’s history.
We fought in Vietnam because we were fighting Communists everywhere during the Cold War....
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