The Vietnam War began in 1956 but the United States campaign began in the early 60’s. The Vietnam War heightened social, political and economic tensions in the United States with events such as the Gulf of Tonkin incident, the Kent State massacre, and the war powers act. Then the drafting started. James Fallows describes how he witnessed fresh graduates from high schools were being drafted (Document F). Mr. King Jr. was very upset as he learned about the racial statistics about the draft (Document C). The people started to protest against the war through marches, occupations and songs. One song (Document B) was written saying “you’re dead if you go to Vietnam.” The intensity of the peoples’ dismay was intensified after the people realized that civilians were being killed over on the battle ground, many by the Green Berets which were first introduced. The soldiers did not like the fighting either. Many of them were draftees and did not want to be there in the first place. To make things worse for them, the enemy was not easily detectable because of the guerilla tactics the Vietcong were using. The heat, humidity and the rain caused a lot of foot problems and disease spread quickly. The fire ants and snakes did not make things any easier. “If the people are against this war at home,” many thought, “why am I still here?” The dirty look went directly to the politicians. The heightened political tensions first began in 1964 right after the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. The president was given a blank check, called the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (Document A). This allowed the president decide how to deal with this attack which ended up being a war. With the enemy being communist, North Vietnamese guerilla soldiers, the United States forces burned down villages and even killed civilians for cautionary purposes. This part was hidden from the civilians at home. But when the people found out about how the army is killing the people they are supposed to be...
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