During the time of 1959 to 1975, The United States had entered in a controversial conflict and war with Vietnam. There were hidden controversies that lay beneath the Vietnam War about whether it was worth fighting. Some views suggest that it should have not been considered a war. President Kennedy had plans to remove all troops in Vietnam up until his tragic death, whereas President Johnson, when becoming head of office, had plans to hold off any of North Vietnams attacks on the South Vietnamese. The American public learned about the Massacre in Mai Lai caused by Charlie Company that occurred in November 13, 1969, in which “over the next three hours they killed as many as 504 Vietnamese civilians. Some were lined up in a drainage ditch before being shot. The dead civilians included fifty, age 3 or younger, sixty-nine were between 4 and 7, and twenty-seven in their 70’s or 80’s” (Mintz). Along with killings, the U.S. began bombing villages in Vietnam and Cambodia. After the country had been bombed and raided day after day for years, the United States began pulling out troops in 1973, and shortly after in 1976, was declared unified as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. So what exactly led to the U.S. involvement in Vietnam? What caused the war to last such a long time, and cost the lives of thousands of innocent villagers and American soldiers? The answer is that there is no outstanding reason. The United States slowly entered Vietnam, until one day it had become a full war without ever being declared one. One of the biggest reasons for going to aid South Vietnam was President Truman’s “containment” policy in 1947, “ ‘I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures… I am confident that the Congress will face these responsibilities squarely’ ” (Goldman). In other words, the United States would supply any necessary materials or...
Cited: "Costs of Major U.S. Wars." Costs of Major U.S. Wars. 20 May 2013
Goldman, Lillian. "Avalon Project - Truman Doctrine." Avalon Project - Truman
Doctrine. 2008. 20 May 2013
McNeil. "Digital History." Digital History. 2006. 20 May 2013
Mintz. "Digital History." Digital History. 2013. 20 May 2013
Nelson, Cary. "Vietnam War Timeline." Vietnam War Timeline. 20 May 2013
Please join StudyMode to read the full document