The Vietnam War, also known as "America's war" was from December 1965 to the fall of Saigon on April 30th, 1974. This was around the Cold War era. The conflict was between North Vietnam, who were Communist, supported by China, the Soviet Union and other communist countries against South Vietnam who was supported by the United States and other anti-communist countries. The main point of the prolonged war was an attempt to "unify the country of Vietnam and prevent the spread of Communism" ("Vietnam War",1). North Vietnam had a political organization and army called Viet Cong that fought against the United States and other anti-communist forces using a guerilla and regular warfare. But as the war grew longer, Viet Cong fighting decreased while the North Vietnamese Army grew.
There has been conflict in Vietnam for decades before the war. For nearly six decades vietnam suffered under French colonial rule when Japan invaded parts of Vietnam in 1940. In 1941, communist Vietnamese revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh returned to Vietnam from travelling for thirty years, to establish the Viet Minh, whose goal was to remove Japanese and French occupiers of the land. He said he was establishing an independent Vietnam with a new government called the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. France was not pleased on hearing this and was not going to give up and fought back. Ho Chi Minh asked the U.S. for years to support him against the French. But during this time, Cold War era, their goal was to prevent the spread of Communism. In fear of the "domino theory", saying "if one country in Southeast Asia fell to Communism then surrounding countries would also soon fall, like a falling domino causing an entire row of standing dominoes to fall" (Rosenburg,1). So in 1950 the U.S chose to send aid to the French to defeat Ho Chi Minh from turning Vietnam into a communist country.
After their defeat at the battle of Dien Bien Phu, the French surrendered and agreed to a...
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